December 12, 2003

Human Rights Watch


New York     Washington     London     Brussels

Copyright © 2003 by Human Rights Watch.

All rights reserved.

Printed in the United States of America

ISBN:  1564322939

Cover photo: © 2003 Bruno Stevens

Caption: Al-Hilla, April 2003.  A father holds his son who was wounded and lost his right foot during the invasion by Coalition forces.  The child lost four family members, including his mother, grandmother, brother, and sister.

Cover design by Rafael Jimenez

Addresses for Human Rights Watch

350 Fifth Avenue, 34th Floor, New York, NY  10118‑3299

Tel: (212) 290‑4700, Fax: (212) 736‑1300, E‑mail:

1630 Connecticut Avenue, N.W., Suite 500, Washington, DC  20009

Tel: (202) 612-4321, Fax: (202) 612-4333, E‑mail:

2nd Floor, 2-12 Pentonville Road London N1 9HF, UK

Tel: (44 20) 7713 1995, Fax: (44 20) 7713 1800, E‑mail:

15 Rue Van Campenhout, 1000 Brussels, Belgium

Tel: (32 2) 732-2009, Fax: (32 2) 732‑0471, E‑mail:

Web Site Address:

Listserv address: To receive Human Rights Watch news releases by email, subscribe to the HRW news listserv of your choice by visiting

Human Rights Watch is dedicated to

protecting the human rights of people around the world.

We stand with victims and activists to prevent

discrimination, to uphold political freedom, to protect people from inhumane

 conduct in wartime, and to bring offenders to justice.

We investigate and expose

human rights violations and hold abusers accountable.

We challenge governments and those who hold power to end abusive practices and respect international human rights law.

We enlist the public and the international

community to support the cause of human rights for all.


Human Rights Watch conducts regular, systematic investigations of human rights abuses in some seventy countries around the world.  Our reputation for timely, reliable disclosures has made us an essential source of information for those concerned with human rights. We address the human rights practices of governments of all political stripes, of all geopolitical alignments, and of all ethnic and religious persuasions. Human Rights Watch defends freedom of thought and expression, due process and equal protection of the law, and a vigorous civil society; we document and denounce murders, disappearances, torture, arbitrary imprisonment, discrimination, and other abuses of internationally recognized human rights.  Our goal is to hold governments accountable if they transgress the rights of their people.

Human Rights Watch began in 1978 with the founding of its Europe and Central Asia division (then known as Helsinki Watch). Today, it also includes divisions covering Africa, the Americas, Asia, and the Middle East. In addition, it includes three thematic divisions on arms, children ' s rights, and women ' s rights. It maintains offices in New York, Washington, Los Angeles, London, Brussels, Moscow, Tashkent, Tblisi, and Bangkok. Human Rights Watch is an independent, nongovernmental organization, supported by contributions from private individuals and foundations worldwide.  It accepts no government funds, directly or indirectly.

The staff includes Kenneth Roth, executive director; Allison Adoradio, operations director, Michele Alexander, development director; Carroll Bogert, associate director; Steve Crawshaw, London office director, Barbara Guglielmo, finance director; Lotte Leicht, Brussels office director; Maria Pignataro Nielsen, human resources director; Iain Levine, program director; Rory Mungoven, advocacy director; Wilder Tayler, legal and policy director; and Joanna Weschler, United Nations representative.

The regional division directors of Human Rights Watch are Peter Takirambudde, Africa; José Miguel Vivanco, Americas; Brad Adams, Asia. The thematic division directors are Steve Goose, Arms; Lois Whitman, Children's Rights; and LaShawn R. Jefferson, Women's Rights. The program directors are Arvind Ganesan, Business and Human Rights; Joanne Csete, HIV/AIDS and Human Rights; Richard Dicker, International Justice; and Jamie Fellner, U.S. Program.

The members of the board of directors are Jonathan Fanton, Chair; Robert L. Bernstein, Founding Chair, Khaled Abou El Fadl, Lisa Anderson, Lloyd Axworthy, David Brown, William Carmichael, Jorge Castañeda, Dorothy Cullman, Edith Everett, Michael Gellert, Vartan Gregorian, James F. Hoge, Jr., Stephen L. Kass, Marina Pinto Kaufman, Wendy Keys, Robert Kissane, Bruce Klatsky, Joanne Leedom-Ackerman, Josh Mailman, Kati Marton, Barry Meyer, Joel Motley, Samuel K. Murumba, Jane Olson, Peter Osnos, Kathleen Peratis, Catherine Powell, Sigrid Rausing, Victoria Riskin, Orville Schell, Sid Sheinberg, Gary G. Sick, Domna Stanton, John J. Studzinski, Shibley Telhami, and Maya Wiley. Emeritus Board: Roland Algrant, Adrian DeWind, Alice H. Henkin, Bruce Rabb, and Malcolm Smith.