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Enhance the police capacity and presence in northern Uganda by dramatically increasing the number of police officers. Place police officers in
all displaced persons camps in adequate numbers to bring security to camp
residents, and work to establish the civilian nature of camp management to the
greatest extent possible.
Strengthen the judicial system in the north by hiring and
training competent and impartial judges and prosecutors. More judges should be
permanently assigned to Magistrates and High Courts.
Initiate court prosecutions of military personnel in civil
jurisdictions where abuses of civilians are at issue and the military fails to
prosecute in a timely fashion.
Make concerted efforts to reduce the backlog of pending judicial
cases by imposing and respecting procedural deadlines, for instance.
Clearly designate responsibilities between the police and the army
as to detention procedures and train police to deal with various issues
including civilian-soldier conflicts.
Overhaul governmental complaints procedures in the north so that
there is civilian and military accountability. Ensure that complaints do not
stop at the military commander, and that there is independent oversight of the
complaints process by a respected member of the Supreme Court.
Design and implement clear procedures for these complainants,
such as where and to whom to report complaints and how and to whom to appeal.
Make sure these procedures are disseminated at all levels of the population and
government in northern Uganda through public awareness campaigns and in
partnership with traditional leaders and local civil society actors.
Strengthen the capacity and independence of the Uganda Human
Rights Commission by, among other things, providing it with sufficient
resources to monitor and investigate abuses in northern Uganda by all parties
to the conflict, including unlawful detentions by the UPDF.
Establish and fund a Truth and Reconciliation Commission for
Northern Uganda to investigate all crimes, regardless of the perpetrator, from
the beginning of the conflict in 1986. Make its hearings and findings public.
Prepare a detailed plan for the eventual voluntary return of
internally displaced persons to their areas of origin for post-conflict
development projects focusing, among other things, on shelter, potable water,
education, sanitation, hygiene, nutrition and food security.
Until such solutions can be implemented, provide satisfactory
conditions, such as spelled out in relevant Ugandan policy and regulations, in
particular the National Policy on Internal Displacement of Persons (Office of
the Prime Minister, Department of Disaster Management and Refugees January
2004) and Operationalising the National Policy for IDPs (April 2005), and the
UN Guiding Principles on Internal Displacement, of shelter, hygiene, health,
safety and nutrition for internally displaced persons.
Except for extreme circumstances of insecurity, allow those
internally displaced persons who wish to leave the camps, whether briefly or
permanently, to do so, in keeping with the National Policy on Internal
Displacement of Persons and Operationalising the National Policy for IDPs and
the UN Guiding Principles on Internal Displacement, principles 12(2) and 14(2).
Lift curfews wherever possible or, at a minimum, ensure that they
are enforced in a reasonable and proportionate manner.
To the Uganda Peoples Defence Forces:
Investigate and discipline or prosecute as appropriate serious
violations of international human rights and humanitarian law committed by UPDF
personnel regardless of their rank. Investigations in northern Uganda should focus initially on abuses by the 11th Battalion.
Penalties imposed must respect the basic rights of the accused
and should not include the simple transfer of rights violators to other
Provide appropriate human rights and humanitarian law training to
all UPDF personnel deployed in northern Uganda. All personnel involved with
the internally displaced should receive appropriate training on the UN Guiding
Principles on Internal Displacement and relevant Ugandan regulations.
Except for the capture of LRA fighters on the battlefield, forbid
the UPDF from arresting or detaining any persons or conducting interrogations;
discipline or prosecute as appropriate UPDF personnel who unlawfully detain or
mistreat persons in custody.
When invited, participate in all community and NGO-based efforts
to educate citizens about their rights and procedures for complaining about
government abuses and oversights.
Design and implement effective oversight of army commanders,
ensuring that they are ultimately responsible and accountable for the actions
of those under their command.
- Immediately cease all attacks against civilians and other
non-combatants, including willful killing, torture, mutilation, abduction,
looting and destruction of civilian property.
Prepare and implement a communications and outreach strategy to
create awareness of the ICCs mission among communities and civil society in
northern Uganda. Priority should be placed on better informing the affected
population of the mandate and scope of the ICC investigation, such as the fact
that only crimes committed after July 2002 fall within its jurisdiction
Immediately implement adequate witness protection measures and
ensure that all investigators working in northern Uganda are properly trained
to conduct their investigations while minimizing the risk to victims and
Investigate crimes falling within the jurisdiction of the ICC
committed by all parties to the conflict, including the UPDF.
Ensure that the OHCHR presence in northern Uganda is sufficient to effectively monitor human rights abuses committed by all parties to
Make the results of investigations carried out by OHCHR monitors
publicly available promptly and periodically.
OHCHR monitoring offices and staff should carry out monitoring
independently of the Uganda Human Rights Commission. OHCHR staff, however,
should undertake efforts to strengthen the capacity of national institutions,
including the UHRC.
Provide training and support to national and local
non-governmental human rights organizations based in Kampala, Gulu and other
parts of northern Uganda.
Urge the Ugandan government to act in accordance with the Guiding
Principles on Internal Displacement and relevant Ugandan regulations,
particularly with respect to camp security and freedom of movement for
internally displaced persons outside of camp confines.
To the Uganda Human Rights Commission:
- Develop a plan with nongovernmental organizations and
donors for effective protection of internally displaced persons through
stationing UHRC staff in camps to receive complaints of LRA and UPDF
Support programs that improve the capabilities, particularly
respect for basic rights, of the judiciary, the UHRC and the police in northern
Support programs for the protection of displaced persons and for
their voluntary return home in dignity and safety.
Support programs for nongovernmental organizations to educate
citizens of northern Uganda about their rights and procedures to file
complaints against government.
- Establish effective inter-agency coordination mechanisms
to assess, review, monitor and evaluate protection strategies in all
internally displaced persons camps throughout northern Uganda on an ongoing basis.
Ensure that individuals who receive complaints and reports of
sexual and gender-based violence, whether they are community leaders, law
enforcement officers or humanitarian workers, be properly, extensively and
repeatedly trained covering a wide range of issues and best practices on such
Provide counseling services to victims, their families, and their
communities, especially for victims of sexual and gender-based violence.
Family and community counseling will improve acceptability and integration of
victims within their respective families and societies.