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Overhaul governmental complaints procedures in the north to
provide accountability for serious crimes committed by the military. Ensure
that the resolution of complaints is not at the sole discretion of the military
commander, and that there is independent oversight of the complaints process.
Design and implement clear procedures for complainants, such as
where and to whom to report complaints and how and to whom to appeal. Make
sure these procedures are disseminated at all levels of the population in
northern Uganda through public awareness campaigns and in partnership with
traditional leaders and local civil society actors.
To the Uganda Peoples Defence Forces:
Investigate and discipline or prosecute as appropriate serious
violations of international human rights and humanitarian law committed by UPDF
personnel regardless of their rank. Investigations in northern Uganda should focus first on abuses by the 11th Battalion.
Immediately cease all attacks against civilians and other
non-combatants including willful killing, torture, mutilation and abduction.
- Prepare and implement a communications and outreach
strategy to create awareness of the ICCs mission among communities and
civil society in northern Uganda.
Reiterate and implement its commitment to investigate crimes
falling within the jurisdiction of the ICC committed by all parties to the
conflict, including the UPDF.
- Immediately implement adequate witness protection measures
and ensure that all investigators working in northern Uganda are properly
trained to conduct their investigations while minimizing the risk to
victims and witnesses.
Provide training and support to national and local
non-governmental human rights organizations based in Kampala, Gulu and other
parts of northern Uganda.
Urge the Ugandan government to act in accordance with the Guiding
Principles on Internal Displacement, particularly with respect to camp security
and freedom of movement for internally displaced persons outside of displaced
To the Uganda Human Rights Commission:
- Develop a plan with nongovernmental organizations and
donors to assist in the protection of internally displaced persons through
stationing UHRC staff in camps to receive complaints of LRA and UPDF
Support programs for protection of displaced persons and for
their voluntary return home in dignity and safety.
Support programs for nongovernmental organizations to educate
citizens of northern Uganda about their rights and procedures to file
complaints against the government.
To the Uganda Government (including the UPDF
and UHRC), Humanitarian Organizations and Donors:
Ensure that individuals who receive complaints and reports of
sexual and gender-based violence, whether they be community leaders, law
enforcement officers or humanitarian workers, be properly, extensively and
repeatedly trained covering a wide range of issues on such violence.
recommendations may be found at the end of the report.