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Take all necessary steps to halt the distribution by North Kivu authorities of firearms or other weapons to civilians, and collect and properly
dispose of firearms already distributed. Discipline or prosecute as
appropriate any official involved in such activity.
Take all necessary steps to ensure that the Congolese armed
forces act in full accordance with international human rights and humanitarian
law. Investigate and fully prosecute serious human rights and humanitarian law
Ensure the full integration of various factions into the new
national army without further delay. Establish a vetting process to prevent
persons against whom there is substantial evidence of human rights abuse from
being integrated into the national army until accusations against them have
been fully investigated. Provide training on the laws of armed conflict to all
persons integrated into the national army.
Assist the Congolese army in the collection and disposal of
illegally distributed firearms, as described above.
Ensure that MONUC forces operate under clear rules of engagement
and have the necessary information to respond promptly and effectively to
situations that may imperil civilians.
Integrate MONUC human rights specialists into all MONUC
activities, including patrols and other military operations in North Kivu, South Kivu and other conflict zones as necessary, in order to ensure timely intervention to
protect civilians under imminent threat of violence. Ensure that human rights
specialists participate in planning of military operations.
Ensure that MONUC has sufficient troop strength and logistical
support to respond promptly and effectively to situations that may imperil
Publicly call upon the DRC government to prosecute all persons
responsible for serious violations of international humanitarian law.
Coordinate efforts to influence all Congolese parties to
implement treaties and political agreements, including those providing for an
integrated national army and for demobilizing armed groups in eastern Congo.
Continue to urge Rwanda to adhere to its treaty obligations not
to have a military presence in the Congo or support any armed groups operating
in eastern DRC.
In assisting the Congolese government to create a unified
national army, insist on the establishment of a vetting process as described
above for those suspected of serious human rights or humanitarian law abuses.
Expand assistance to programs of judicial reform, including by
following the model of the European Union-funded pilot program in Ituri.
Consider launching investigations into war crimes and crimes
against humanity committed in both North and South Kivu from July 2002