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This report was written by Sara Rakita, researcher in the Africa Division of Human Rights Watch. Yodon Thonden, counsel to the Children's Rights Division, contributed to the chapter on juvenile justice. Sara Rakita; Alison Des Forges, senior advisor to the Africa Division; Trish Hiddleston, researcher in the Africa Division (1996-1999); Vikram Parekh, researcher in the Children's Rights Division; and Yodon Thonden conducted research in Rwanda for this report. Alison Des Forges and Mike McClintock, deputy program director, edited the report, which was also reviewed by Joanne Csete, director of the HIV/AIDS and Human Rights Program; James Ross, senior legal advisor; Joanna Weschler, U.N. representative; and Lois Whitman, executive director of the Children's Rights Division. Jeff Scott, associate in the Africa Division, and Patrick Minges, director of publications, provided coordination and production and assistance. Anne Chaon translated the report into French.

Human Rights Watch gratefully acknowledges the support of Novib for this work.

Human Rights Watch
Africa Division

Human Rights Watch is dedicated to protecting the human rights of people around the world.

We stand with victims and activists to bring offenders to justice, to prevent discrimination, to uphold
political freedom and to protect people from inhumane conduct in wartime.

We investigate and expose human rights violations and hold abusers accountable.

We challenge governments and those holding power to end abusive practices and respect international
human rights law.

We enlist the public and the international community to support the cause of human rights for all.

The staff includes Kenneth Roth, executive director; Michele Alexander, development director; Carroll Bogert, communications director; Steve Crawshaw, London director; John T. Green, operations director, Barbara Guglielmo, finance director; Lotte Leicht, Brussels office director; Tom Malinowski, Washington advocacy director; Patrick Minges, publications director; Rory Mungoven, advocacy director; Maria Pignataro Nielsen, human resources director; Iain Levine, program director; Wilder Tayler, legal and policy director; and Joanna Weschler, United Nations representative. Jonathan Fanton is the chair of the board. Robert L. Bernstein is the founding chair.

Its Africa division was established in 1988 to monitor and promote the observance of internationally recognized human rights in sub-Saharan Africa. Peter Takirambudde is the executive director; Bronwen Manby is the deputy director; Janet Fleischman is the Washington director; Alison Des Forges is the senior adviser; Binaifer Nowrojee and Jemera Rone are counsels; Andrea Lari, Leslie Lefkow, Nadejda Marques, Nobuntu Mbelle, Caroline Sculier, Carina Tertsakian, Lars Waldorf, and Anneke Van Woudenberg are researchers; Juliane Kippenberg is a consultant; Floriane Begasse, Kate Fletcher, Colin Relihan, and Jeffrey Scott are associates. Vincent Mai is the chair of the advisory committee.

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