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Timeline of Cluster Munition Use




1943 USSR Soviet forces use air-dropped cluster munitions against German armor. German forces use SD-1 and SD-2 butterfly bombs against artillery on the Kursk salient.
1943 United Kingdom
German aircraft drop more than 1,000 SD-2 butterfly bombs on the port of Grimsby.
1960s-1970s Cambodia, Laos, Vietnam
US forces make extensive use of cluster munitions in bombing campaigns. The ICRC estimates that in Laos alone, nine to 27 million unexploded submunitions remain, and some 11,000 people have been killed or injured, more than 30 percent of them children. An estimate based on US military databases states that 9,500 sorties in Cambodia delivered up to 87,000 air-dropped cluster munitions.
1973 Syria
Israel uses air-dropped cluster munitions against non-state armed group (NSAG) training camps near Damascus.
1975-1988 Western Sahara
Moroccan forces use cluster munitions against NSAG.
1978 Lebanon
Israel uses cluster munitions in southern Lebanon.
1979-1989 Afghanistan
Soviet forces make use of air-dropped and rocket-delivered cluster munitions.  NSAG also use rocket-delivered cluster munitions on a smaller scale.
1982 Lebanon
Israel uses cluster munitions against Syrian forces and NSAG in Lebanon.
1982 Falkland Islands (Malvinas)
UK aircraft drop cluster munitions on Argentinean infantry positions near Port Stanley, Port Howard, and Goose Green.
1986 Chad
French aircraft drop cluster munitions on a Libyan airfield at Wadi Doum.
1991 Iraq, Kuwait, Saudi Arabia
The US and its allies (France, Saudi Arabia, UK) drop 61,000 cluster bombs containing some 20 million submunitions.  The number of cluster munitions delivered by surface-launched artillery and rocket systems during the Gulf War is not known, but an estimated 30 million or more DPICM submunitions were used in the conflict.
1992-1995 Bosnia- Herzegovina
Forces of Yugoslavia and NSAG use available stocks of cluster munitions during civil war.
1992-1997 Tajikistan
Use by unknown forces in civil war.
1994-1996 Chechnya
Russian forces use cluster munitions against NSAG.
1995 Croatia
On May 2-3, 1995, an NSAG uses Orkan M-87 multiple rocket launchers to attack civilians in Zagreb.  Additionally, the Croatian government claimed that Serb forces used BL-755 bombs in Sisak, Kutina, and along the Kupa River.
1996-1999 Sudan
Sudanese government forces use air-dropped cluster munitions in southern Sudan.
1997 Sierra Leone
Nigerian ECOMOG peacekeepers use Beluga bombs on the eastern town of Kenema.
1998 Ethiopia / Eritrea
Ethiopia and Eritrea exchange aerial cluster munition strikes, Ethiopia attacking the Asmara airport and Eritrea attacking the Mekele airport.   Ethiopia also dropped BL-755 bombs in Gash-Barka province of western Eritrea.
1998-1999 Albania
Yugoslav forces launch cross-border rocket attacks and NATO forces carry out six aerial cluster munition strikes.
1999 Yugoslavia (including Serbia, Montenegro, and Kosovo)
The US, UK, and Netherlands drop 1,765 cluster bombs, containing 295,000 bomblets.
2001- 2002 Afghanistan
The US drops 1,228 cluster bombs containing 248,056 bomblets.
2003 Iraq
The US and UK use nearly 13,000 cluster munitions containing an estimated 1.8 to 2 million submunitions in the three weeks of major combat.
2006 Lebanon
Israeli forces use surface-launched and air-dropped cluster munitions against Hezbollah.  The UN estimates that Israel used up to 4 million submunitions.
2006 Israel
Hezbollah fires more than 100 Chinese-produced Type-81 122mm cluster munition rockets into northern Israel.

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