On September 6, 2006, President George W. Bush revealed that the United States runs a system of secret detention in the War on Terror, but he did not disclose how many individuals were secretly detained. While only the U.S. government knows exactly who remains missing, Off the Record provides the most comprehensive list of these individuals, who are believed to have been subject to an enforced disappearance for which the United State s bears responsibility.
Based on research by six major human rights groupsAmnesty International, Cageprisoners, the Center for Constitutional Rights, the Center for Human Rights and Global Justice at NYU School of Law, Human Rights Watch and ReprieveOff the Record identifies individuals believed to have been held at some point by the United States in secret sites, all of whom remain missing.
Off the Record provides new information about detainees already identified as disappeared (for example, Ali Abdul-Hamid al-Fakhiri, commonly known as Ibn al-Shaykh al-Libi) and names four missing detainees for the first time. It reveals the extent to which the United States illegally uses proxy detention to empty its secret sites and demonstrates that far from targeting the worst of the worst, the system sweeps up low-level detainees and even involves the detention of the wives and children of the disappeared, in violation of their human rights. Off the Record also documents allegations concerning the treatment of detainees while in secret detention, including torture and other cruel, inhuman or degrading treatment or punishment. The briefing paper reports on the following individuals:
Individuals whose detention by the United States has been officially acknowledged and whose fate and whereabouts remain unknown:
Individuals about whom there is strong evidence, including witness testimony, of secret detention by the United States and whose fate and whereabouts remain unknown:
5.&6. Two, possibly three, Somalis* [Names Unknown] (one of whom is either Shoeab as-Somali or Rethwan as-Somali)
Individuals about whom there is some evidence of secret detention by the United States and whose fate and whereabouts remain unknown:
* Individuals publicly identified as missing for the first time by human rights groups are indicated by an asterisk. Note that while the detention of two Somali nationals has been previously reported, the possibility that a third Somali national was held in a secret U.S. detention facility has not been explicitly stated.