A Human Rights Watch Briefing Paper
Appendix 1: Handwritten letter written in Mnong, which accompanied the list of 1,206 Mnong requesting international protection and assistance11
CHURCH at "A" VILLAGE,12 DAK RLAP
This concerns three of us brothers who keep the membership roll for all of the Dak Rlap area. Our names are: [names withheld to protect their security].
[List of VCP and public security officials follows, as well as the names of provincial secret security police.]
Letter telling of troubles that have come to us here.
I, "M"16, am the leader of the church at "X" village.17 I want to let you brothers there know about the severe troubles that are being inflicted on us because of the faith. We are not accepted as workers for the Lord, as lay or ordained preachers. Please, foreign brothers, be concerned about us quickly in this matter. We can no longer take this mistreatment and persecution because of our faith. They say, "Everything you do is wrong."
The most recent thing they did in Dak Rlap district from October to December 2002 is that they want to get rid of all church leaders--lay or ordained preachers, church elders, every officer in the church.
What they say is as follows:
In all this severe persecution of us here, please, brothers higher up, as well as foreigners, be concerned about us quickly. Don't delay in what you do. Set the time and let us know whether to sit or stand.
I am attaching the following:
There have been many letters of summons, but we did not keep them, we returned them. We want you, our brothers, to know this. We are not just talking.
Finally we ask our brothers who work for the Lord to pray much for us here. Thank you.
May God the Father be with you.
SOCIALIST REPUBLIC OF VIETNAM
Independence - Freedom - Happiness
To: People's Committee of "P" Commune
My family used to farm the land in what is now called "N" Commune--I'm not sure how much land. In 1992 the government took the land to make communal rice fields, mulberry plantations, etc. We donated our land and did not receive a single penny in compensation. I have heard recently that a number of families have made a petition and sent it to the commune people's committee asking for the return of the land previously donated.
I have now been instructed about the rights and wrongs of the law, and see that making this petition was wrong. So we voluntarily withdraw this petition and won't sue any more, and promise that we will no longer demand the land we donated to the government. If we don't abide by this promise, we accept the full consequences of the law.
Maker of pledge:
[Thumbprint and petitioner's name]
Appendix 5: Handwritten letter written in Mnong19
1. The government summoned the preacher and church leaders to the commune office on 18 Dec 2002. They forced the preachers and leaders of the "Y" church to scatter and destroy all the work of the church. To this day they no longer allow celebration of the birth of Jesus.
We ask people in positions higher up to be concerned about the people of the church. Meanwhile we are waiting.
1. The government does not allow us to worship and forces the Christians to write letters promising to disband all the church committees for every church.
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Appendix 8: Directions re: organizing the swearing brotherhood ceremony24
Dak Song District Communist Party of Vietnam
Re: organizing the swearing brotherhood ceremony
The implementation of no. 14-KH/HU, of 12-02-03 of the Standing Committee of the District concerning the matter of swearing brotherhood between all (government) organizations and units with all hamlets and villages in the district.
In order to standardize the contents, program, representation, schedule and budget, the Standing Committee of the District, and the Organizing Office of Labor and Social Welfare of the District, give the following directions for organizing the swearing brotherhood ceremonies:
I/ Contents of the program
Contents Implementing Agency
1 Announcing the reasons and Peoples Committee or Fatherland
2 Read the swearing brotherhood Organization assigned responsibility
3 Remarks of high authorities
4 Remarks of hamlet and village elders
· From the District invite: Representative of the (Party) Standing Committee, Peoples Committee, the people in charge of the area, all committees that mobilize for the Party, all other district offices and committees, the Fatherland Front, all mobile propaganda teams.
· Representatives of the particular organization that has responsibility for the ceremony in the location.
III/ Scheduling times, means of transportation, and budget
The district People's Committee will support each hamlet or village in the amount of 200,000 VN dong to prepare for the swearing brotherhood ceremony.
· Concerning decorations:
+ On the right, hang a banner with the name of the village in front of "Swearing Brotherhood Ceremony.
1/ "Citizens Unite to Build our Livelihood and Culture"
Above are some of the basic regulations for the ceremony in which all government organizations and units will swear brotherhood with all hamlets and villages in the district.
Using the basis of this direction, all units should mobilize and organize solemn ceremonies to bring positive practical results.
Copied to: HEAD OF COMMITTEE
Pham Dinh Bo
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PARTY OFFICE OF DAK LAK COMMUNIST PARTY OF VIETNAM
No 14 - KH/HU
I/ The objectives/goals
The policy of swearing brotherhood between all economic and social organizations with all the hamlets and villages of the minority peoples is for the purpose of strengthening the blood and bone relationship between cadre and Party members with the citizens, striving to get closed to the people, understand them better, and make the citizens more willing to believe and follow us. On the basis of helping the citizens change their way of agriculture and raising animals, in order to have plan for making a living, and appropriate consumption/spending in the family; also to develop the economy, culture and society, and to preserve and bring into greater play traditions of the minority peoples into the greater community of Vietnam.
In order to implement the decisions of the 5th term, 9th Plenum of the Central Committee, and fulfill our political responsibilities in the new conditions, the Standing Committee of the District Party Organization, requests all production units and businesses and all administrative units of non-productive agencies in the area, and the Fatherland Front of the District, all mass organizations, all departments of the People's Committee of the district, to have a plan to properly implement, with good results, the swearing of brotherhood with all hamlets and villages (as assigned responsibility by the district).
The matter of swearing of brotherhood with the hamlets and villages of the minority peoples is an activity that carries a lot of practical potential. Therefore, all units that are assigned the responsibility of swearing brotherhood, must clearly understand their responsibilities toward the hamlets and villages, and have a plan to help the citizens in the villages, both in terms of morale and material things, and consider the importance of unity with the minority people. All units or organization which have been assigned responsibilities in this regard, must very soon contact the Party and the government officials of the communes, and cadre of the hamlets and villages, in order to organize solemn swearing brotherhood ceremonies that will have good practical results, and avoid the appearance of showing off and wastefulness.
II/ The responsibilities of the various (government) units, hamlets and villages in the swearing of brotherhood.
1/ In regard to (government) organizations and units that have been assigned the responsibility of swearing brotherhood:
Coordinate with Party officials, the government, the Fatherland Front and those units that hold the responsibility of transforming the attitudes of the cadre, and the citizens of the hamlets and villages to swear brotherhood. At the same time, thoroughly propagandize the policies of the Party, and the laws of the State; organizing and implementing in a good way the policy of democracy at the grassroots level (according to Decree No. 29 - ND/CP), and publicizing in a good way the right of ownership of the citizens; leading the citizens to accept in the supervision and management of the State, the management of the cadre, and to build the political infrastructure to be strong and transparent.
Have a tight grasp of all social policies, especially for those families that have something against the revolution. Have our staff promote our policies, and create inspired cadre. Make it your project to train and arrange to use cadre of all the hamlets and villages in an appropriate and practical ways. Positively implement Instruction 19-CT/TU of the Provincial Standing Committee of the Party about training and assigning cadre of the minority groups where they live.
Help the people in the business of changing their way of planting and caring for domestic animals that is better suited to nature and conditions of the local soil, develop the economy and society in order to meet the needs for livelihood, and provide education for the people, build up the technical infrastructure, and strongly promote the mechanization/industrialization of agriculture in the countryside.
Coordinate activities with hamlet and village heads, the Fatherland Front, and all departments to, step by step, eradicate out-dated and backward ways, and eradicate all illegal religious organizations; preserve and respect the traditional culture of the minority groups. Work with care to build up an enlightened life, and an attitude that is daily transformed in understanding, and strongly promote the mobilization program, "All people unite, and build an enlightened culture". Implement the population plan, and family planning, and look after and protect young children. Attach utmost importance to mobilizing the people to implement the religion and ethnic minority policy in a right way. Lead in extending the national program of fighting criminality.
Always care for the lives of the people, and provide guidance in how to spend and consume in a planned way; help the people reduce poverty, and to rapidly develop the economy; give guidance to all mass organizations to participate in ways to properly manage common economic resources.
Line up the core cadre and bring them from the hamlet, and village to the commune, and give them the information they need, and the work they must do with the leaders and local officials. At the same time coordinate with Party leaders, the Fatherland Front, and mass organizations to promote the work of building the Party, and create inspired people that you can introduce to the Party to build up the membership of the Communist Party of Vietnam; and properly implement Instruction 14-CT/TU, striving for the objective that by the year 2005 all hamlets and villages that we are responsible for will have a Party cell or team.
Participate in building up the government, the Fatherland Front, and strong all-inclusive mass organizations. Guide and simultaneously mobilize all political organizations, and hamlet and village cells, and bring into full play your responsibilities for the people.
Assign one or two cadre to regularly call on and be close to the cadre in the hamlets and villages so you can ascertain the situation, and properly implement your responsibilities as outlined above; regularly attend the meetings of the people in each hamlet and village, and all meetings of the Party, local government and mass organizations. Every month report to your leaders and superiors (through the Policy Branch), in order to help the Standing Committee lead and direct in a timely manner.
2/ In regard to the hamlets and villages
Cadre of the hamlets, villages, the Fatherland Front and the mass organizations of the hamlets and villages, and all cadre of the commune level are responsible to coordinate with economic and social organizations in the spirit of brotherhood, to put forward ideas and in a coordinated way solve the actual problems which may arise in a hamlet of village.
Provide whatever is needed for the cadre in charge of each hamlet or village and have a clear grasp of the people's material and moral welfare, the economy, and social affairs of each hamlet and village.
Provide a place to live and eat, and transportation (if available) for the cadre, and announce the meetings of the cadre, of the people of the hamlets and villages, in order to set a time and determine the agenda of the meeting.
III/ Plan for organizing and implementing:
1/ Regarding those organizations or units that have had the swearing brotherhood ceremony assigned to them.
When the announcement of the assignment is received, the head of the organization or unit needs to contact the leaders and government officials of the hamlet or village, to tell them in order to make a plan to organize the swearing brotherhood ceremony (between now and 1 March 2003). In the hamlets and villages that have a many organization and units to assign swearing brotherhood responsibilities to, the Party comrades of the Standing Committee or the district Party members of the respective organizations, will take responsibility for leadership, and decide who will represent the respective organizations in signing the brotherhood oath, and accept the chief responsibility for making the plan, and for organizing the delegation of responsibility among the various unit and their personnel; and uniting with the Party organization and the government concerning the appearance, the schedule, the contents and the actual program during the swearing brotherhood ceremony.
We have a plan for delegating cadre who are responsible for each hamlet and village - to organize the actual program and plan, and the time of working with each hamlet and village designated to have a swearing brotherhood ceremony. Send the final program and plan of implementation to the Policy Committee and the District Organizing Committee before 25 February 2003.
Prepare a semi-annual report, and an annual report, and consider this a political responsibility of your unit, which will be considered in the annual evaluation of the quality of the work of your unit.
2/ Regarding all the TCCS of the Party, the government, the Fatherland
Coordinate carefully, and provide whatever is necessary for the organizations which have been assigned the swearing brotherhood ceremony; meet with the hamlet and village cadre; introduce the hamlet and village cadre to the to the cadre of the organizations responsible (for the ceremony); organize things in a friendly and open manner . . .
Set a time and location, decorate (the venue) and prepare the contents and agenda for the swearing brotherhood ceremony for the units who have had this delegated to them. The swearing brotherhood ceremony must be held by 1 March 2003.
3/ Regarding District level, the People's Committee of the District, and other concerned departments.
Set the time, and arrange transportation, and provide what is necessary to departments, committees and units, so they can implement the responsibilities assigned them in a good manner.
Make a report of the information, and the leaders, and the direction, getting a good read on those units that are not completely fulfilling their responsibilities in the swearing brotherhood business.
It is assigned to all committees responsible for building up the Party, and the various departments and committees of the District People's Committee to evaluate, supervise and speed up the work of all units who have been assigned the swearing of brotherhood with the hamlets and villages, and to solve whatever problems come up according to their rank and authority assigned to them.
There must be an annual report, to gain from our experiences and contribute to the annual year-end evaluation of building up the Party.
- all d/c HUV (who follow up the leadership of this program)
ON BEHALF OF THE STANDING COMMITTEE
Seal of Dak Song District Communist Party
Vo Nhac An