Sectarian Violence and Ensuing Abuses in Burma’s Arakan State
This report describes how the Burmese authorities failed to take adequate measures to stem rising tensions and the outbreak of sectarian violence in Arakan State. Though the army eventually contained the mob violence in the state capital, Sittwe, both Arakan and Rohingya witnesses told Human Rights Watch that government forces stood by while members from each community attacked the other, razing villages and committing an unknown number of killings.
The report is based on 57 interviews conducted in June and July 2012 with affected Arakan, Rohingya, and others in Burma and in Bangladesh, where Rohingya have sought refuge from the violence and abuses.
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- “The Government Could Have Stopped This”
- I. Background
- II. Violence in Arakan State since June 2012
- III. Human Rights Violations by State Security Forces
- IV. Humanitarian Concerns
- V. Denial of Citizenship Rights to Rohingya
- VI. Forced Returns from Bangladesh
- VII. Recommendations
- Appendix: Translation Pamphlets Advocating for Separation of the Communities