June 26, 2012

Isolated in Yunnan

Kachin Refugees from Burma in China’s Yunnan Province

Map of Kachin State, Burma
Summary
Recommendations
To the Government of China
To United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees
To United Nations Agencies and the Donor Community
Methodology
I. China, Burma, and Refugees
Burma-China Relations
China and Refugees
Kachin Refugees’ Well-Founded Fear of Return
II. Refugees and China’s International Legal Obligations
III. Refoulement
Refoulement at the Border
Refoulement from within China
IV. Assistance and Protection
Inadequate Shelter, Clothes, and Fuel
Food Shortages
Water and Sanitation
Health
Education
Labor Protections
V. Arbitrary Drug Testing and Detention
Roadside Urine Testing and Arbitrary Fines
Case Study: Detention in a Re-Education Through Labor (RTL) Center
Acknowledgments
Appendix