Civilian Casualties in NATO’s Air Campaign in Libya
This report examines in detail eight NATO air strikes in Libya that resulted in 72 civilian deaths, including 20 women and 24 children. It is based on one or more field investigations to each of the bombing sites during and after the conflict, including interviews with witnesses and local residents.
NATO’s military campaign in Libya, from March to October 2011, was mandated by the United Nations Security Council to protect civilians from attacks by security forces of then-Libyan leader Muammar Gaddafi.
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- Unacknowledged Deaths
- I. Background
- II. Civilian Deaths
- III. Incidents of Civilian Deaths
- IV. International Legal standards
- Appendix A: Civilian deaths in Majer, August 8, 2011
- Appendix B: Human Rights Watch Letter to NATO Secretary General
- Appendix C: NATO Response to Human Rights Watch
- Appendix D: NATO Policy on Civilian Casualties in Afghanistan