February 28, 2012

No Justice in Bahrain

Unfair Trials in Military and Civilian Courts

Map of Bahrain
Summary
Key Recommendations
Methodology
I. Political Prosecutions in Special Military Courts
Trial of the 21 Leading Activists
Trial of 20 Medical Personnel
Other Proceedings before the Special Military Courts
Mohamed al-Tajer
Matar Ibrahim Matar
II. Fair-Trial Violations in Special Military Courts
Right to Fair Trial
i. Public Hearings
ii. Presumption of Innocence
iii. Access to Counsel to Prepare a Defense
iv. Right to Call and Examine Witnesses
v. Torture and Self-Incrimination
III. Civilian Courts: the “Terrorist Network” Trial
Denial of Due Process Rights
i. Right of Access to Counsel
ii. Right to Be Represented during Interrogation
iii. Right to Trial Information
iv. Presumption of Innocence
Torture and Ill-Treatment in Detention
Accounts of Abuse
Access to Independent Medical Examinations
IV. Civilian Courts Other National Security Cases
The Zaitoon Case
The “Passport” Case
V. Recommendations
To the Government of Bahrain
To the Member States of the UN Human Rights Council
To the Office of the High Commissioner for Human Rights
To the Special Rapporteur on the independence of judges and lawyers
To the United States and the member states of the European Union, the Arab League, and the Gulf Cooperation Council
Acknowledgements
Appendix I: Letter to Attorney General, November 4, 2010
Appendix II: Letter to BDF Commander-in-Chief, April 5, 2011
Appendix III: Response of Bahraini Government to April 5, 2011 Letter to BDF Commander-in-Chief
Appendix IV: Letter to Minister of Justice and Islamic Affairs, December 27, 2011