September 21, 2011

The EU’s Dirty Hands

Frontex Involvement in Ill-Treatment of Migrant Detainees in Greece

Summary
Key Recommendations
To the European Commission, the European Parliament and the Council of the European Union
To Participating European States
To the Frontex Management Board
To Greece
Methodology and Scope
I. Background: Frontex
History
Legal Authority
Cooperation with Other EU Agencies
II. Protection Crisis in Greece
The Making of an Emergency
Preparing for the RABIT Deployment
RABIT 2010
Greece Criticized
Frontex Attempts to Reduce Violations in Detention
III. Inhuman and Degrading Detention Conditions
Detention Conditions
Access to Asylum
IV. Frontex’s Enforcement Role in Greece
Apprehensions
Nationality-Determination Interviews
V. Frontex’s Responsibility for Exposing Migrants to Inhuman and Degrading Treatment
Transferring Migrants to Known Abusive Conditions of Detention
VI. The Fragmentation of EU Responsibilities
Member State Responsibility
Frontex and Greek Responsibility
Recommendations
To the European Commission, the European Parliament, and the European Council
To Participating European States
To the Frontex Management Board
To Greece
To the Fundamental Rights Agency
To the European Asylum Support Office (EASO)
Acknowledgements