September 7, 2011

The Rehab Archipelago

Forced Labor and Other Abuses in Drug Detention Centers in Southern Vietnam

Summary
Key Recommendations
Map of Drug Detention Centers Under Ho Chi Minh City Administration
Methodology
I. Vietnam’s Drug Detention Centers
Overview
Government Policies towards Drug Use
Ho Chi Minh City’s Centers
II. Findings
Detention without Due Process
Forced Labor
Labor Rights and Conditions of Detention
Ill-Treatment of Detainees
Abuses against Children
Drug Treatment
III. External Involvement
Overview
Major Donors and Specific Projects
Inadequate Attention to Human Rights Abuses
Training in Compulsory Treatment
HIV-Focused Engagement
Capacity Building of Centers
Subsidizing Detention Costs
Non-Engagement by Donors
IV. Full Recommendations
To the Vietnamese Government
To Vietnamese and Foreign Companies That Have Commercial Relationships with Drug Detention Centers in Vietnam
To United Nations Agencies, including UNODC, WHO, OHCHR and UNAIDS
To the Special Rapporteurs on Torture and on the Right to Health
To the UN Working Group on Arbitrary Detention and the Committee on the Rights of the Child
To the Association of Southeastern Nations Inter-Governmental Commission on Human Rights (AICHR)
To the International Labour Organization
To Bilateral and Multilateral Donors and NGOs Assisting Vietnam on Drugs or HIV/AIDS Issues
To Vietnam’s Trading Partners
Acknowledgements
Annex 1: Letter to Minister of Labor, Invalids and Social Affairs
Annex 2: Template of Letters to Companies
Annex 3: Template of Letters to Donors and Implementers
Annex 4: Wage Sheet from Duc Hanh Medical Treatment Center