March 31, 2009

Testing Justice

The Rape Kit Backlog in Los Angeles City and County

I. Summary
Sexual Violence in Los Angeles County
Untested Rape Kits
Police storage facilities
Crime labs
Consequences of Untested Kits
II. Methodology
III. Recommendations
IV. Sexual Violence in Los Angeles County
Reported Rapes
Arrest Rates
Data Limitations
Role of Forensic Evidence in Rape Cases
V. Untested Rape Kits in Crime Laboratories
The National Problem..
How Rape Kit DNA Testing Works
Los Angeles Regional Crime Laboratory
Los Angeles County
Untested rape kits
Delayed testing
Present resources
City of Los Angeles
Untested rape kits
Delayed testing
Present resources
VI. Untested Rape Kits in Police Storage
History
Los Angeles Police Department
Los Angeles Sheriff's Department
Current Nature and Scope of the Rape Kit in Storage Backlog
Los Angeles Police Department
Los Angeles Sheriff's Department
Cities with independent police departments
Consequences of Untested Kits in Police Storage
Conversations with Professionals
Elimination of the Rape Kit Backlog in New York
VII. Human Rights Law and Responses to Sexual Violence
Sexual Violence as a Human Rights Violation
State Responsibility to Protect Against Sexual Violence by Private Actors
Duty to Prevent Rape, Investigate Sexual Violence, and Protect Victims
VIII. Conclusions
Acknowledgments