Corporate Complicity in Chinese Internet Censorship
China’s system of Internet censorship and surveillance, popularly known as the “Great Firewall,” is the most advanced in the world. In this 149-page report, Human Rights Watch documents how extensive corporate and private sector cooperation – including by some of the world’s major Internet companies – enables this system of censorship. Research was performed through interviews and extensive testing of search engines in China, and includes 18 screen shots to illustrate examples of censorship. The report vividly illustrates how various companies, including Yahoo!, Microsoft, Google, and Skype block terms they believe the Chinese government will want them to censor.
- "Race to the Bottom"
- Map of the People's Republic of China
- I. Summary
- II. How Censorship Works in China: A Brief Overview
- III. Comparative Analysis of Search Engine Censorship
- IV. How Multinational Internet Companies assist Government Censorship in China
- V. Company, Government, Investor and Other Responses
- VI. Recommendations
- Appendix II: "The Great Firewall of China: Keywords used to filter web content"
- Appendix III: Details of Shi Tao's case
- Appendix IV: Details of Li Zhi's case
- Appendix VI: Details of Wang Xiaoning's case
- Appendix VII: Liu Xiaobo's letter to Yahoo!
- Appendix VIII: Letter from Human Rights Watch to Yahoo! and Yahoo!'s response
- Appendix IX: Letter from Human Rights Watch to Microsoft and Microsoft's response
- Appendix X: Letter from Human Rights Watch to Google
- Appendix XI: Letter from Human Rights Watch to Skype and Skype's response