May 23, 2012

“Beat Him, Take Everything Away”

Abuses by China’s Chengguan Para-Police

Map of China
Summary
Recommendations
To the Government of the People’s Republic of China
To the Public Security Bureau
To Provincial, Autonomous Region, and Municipal Governments in China with Chengguan Enforcement Organs
To Governments and International Bodies Funding Chinese Legal Reform or Concerned with Human Rights in China, including the United States, the European Union, the United Nations, the World Bank, and the Asian Development Bank
Methodology
I. Background
Chengguan Origin and Legal Basis
Duties and Training
Chengguan and Street Vendors
Public Criticism
Reform Efforts
II. Chengguan Abuses
Excessive Force and Torture
Illegal Detention
Abuses Accompanying Confiscation of Goods
Impunity
III. Relevant International and Domestic Legal Standards
Excessive Force
Prohibition of Cruel, Inhuman, or Degrading Treatment and Torture
Due Process and Arbitrary Detention
Impunity
Acknowledgments
Annex I: Letter from Human Rights Watch to China’s Public Security Bureau
Annex II: Letter from Human Rights Watch to the Chinese Communist Party’s Political and Legislative Affairs Committee
Annex III: Chinese State Media Accounts of Chengguan Abuses, March 2012-July 2010