January 10, 2012


This report is based on research conducted by Rasha Moumneh and Priyanka Motaparthy, researchers in the Middle East and North Africa and Children’s Rights Divisions at Human Rights Watch, respectively. The report was written by Rasha Moumneh and edited by Graeme Reid, director of the Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual, and Transgender Rights Division, and Joe Stork and Sarah Leah Whitson, deputy director and director of the Middle East and North Africa Division respectively. Additional reviews were conducted by Nadya Khalife, researcher in the Women’s Rights Division, and Diederik Lohman, senior research in the Health and Human Rights Division. Legal review was done by Clive Baldwin, senior legal advisor, and Program review by Danielle Haas, senior editor.

Ghassan Makarem translated this report into Arabic.Amr Khairy, Arabic language website and translation coordinator, provided assistance with translation into Arabic. José Luis Hernández, associate for the Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual, and Transgender Rights Division, prepared this report for publication. Additional production assistance was provided by Grace Choi, publications director, Kathy Mills, publications specialist,and Fitzroy Hepkins, mail manager.

We are grateful to all the women who met with us to share their experiences at great risk to themselves. Without the invaluable support and assistance of N., this report would not have come to be. We would also like to thank the lawyers, activists, and academics who assisted in our research, including Sout Al-Kuwait, the Kuwait Human Rights Society, Maha Al-Barges, Ali Al-Baghli, Ibtihal Al-Khatib, Mubarak Al-Anzi, and Ghanem Al-Najjar, member of the advisory committee for the Middle East and North African Division at Human Rights Watch.