This report was researched and written by a team of Human Rights Watch researchers.
Tom Porteous, deputy program director, Joe Stork, deputy director of the Middle East and North Africa (MENA) division, and Aisling Reidy, senior legal advisor, reviewed the report. This report was prepared for production by Adam Coogle, associate in the MENA division; Grace Choi, publications director; Anna Lopriore, creative manager; and Fitzroy Hepkins, production manager. Amr Khairy coordinated Arabic translation and provided production assistance.
We are deeply grateful to the individuals who shared their personal stories as well as the activists who agreed to be interviewed, despite concern that they might face repercussions from the authorities. Their commitment to get their stories out despite the risks and challenges is an inspiration.