November 11, 2011

VII. Recommendations

To the Syrian Government

  • Immediately halt the use of excessive and lethal force against demonstrators and other persons by security forces;
  • Publish a list of all detainees and immediately investigate the whereabouts of those unaccounted for and who may be victims of enforced disappearances;
  • Carry out independent and transparent investigations into the excessive use of force and shooting of protesters by the security services. In accordance with the gravity of the offence and degree of responsibility, discipline or prosecute those responsible, regardless of rank, before courts that meet international fair trial standards;
  • Investigate allegations of enforced disappearances, ill-treatment, and torture and abuse against detainees and prosecute those responsible before courts that meet international fair trial standards;
  • Release unconditionally all detainees against whom there is no credible evidence of genuine acts of criminal violence. These include those held merely for participating in peaceful protests, for criticizing Syrian authorities, or carrying out legitimate human rights activities;
  • End repressive actions against, and intimidation of, members and supporters of the political opposition, civil society activists, journalists, and human rights lawyers by police and other state agents;
  • Provide immediate and unhindered access to the Commission of Inquiry established by the UN Human Rights Council on August 23, 2011, as well as international organizations, UN special mechanisms, and members of the diplomatic community in Syria to hospitals and places of detention;
  • Grant access to Syria to international media and independent observers to freely monitor and report on developments and human rights abuses in the country;
  • Facilitate, under international supervision, the exhumation, identification, and return to family members of the bodies disposed of by the security forces in the area of Homs.

To the UN Security Council

  • Urge the Syrian authorities to uphold their responsibility to protect and immediately cease systematic killing, use of torture, and unlawful detention of civilians;
  • Call on Syria to cooperate fully with the Commission of Inquiry formed by the UN Human Rights Council. and provide it with immediate and unfettered access, especially to places of detention;
  • Demand access for humanitarian missions, foreign journalists, and independent human rights organizations;
  • Refer the situation in Syria to the International Criminal Court;
  • Require states to suspend all military sales and assistance to the Syrian government as there is a clear risk that they will be used in the commission of serious human rights violations;
  • Request that the UN Secretary-General report regularly on the situation in Syria, and on the compliance of the Syrian authorities with any statement or resolution the Council might adopt;
  • Call on the Syrian government to cooperate with the OHCHR in establishing a human rights monitoring presence in Syria, and work actively to ensure quick deployment of such a mission; and
  • Individual members who have not yet done so should adopt targeted sanctions on officials responsible for the ongoing grave, widespread, and systematic violations of international human rights law in Syria since mid-March 2011.

 

To UN General Assembly

  • All member states, acting individually or jointly through regional mechanisms where appropriate, should adopt targeted sanctions against Syrian officials responsible for the ongoing grave, widespread, and systematic violations of international human rights law in Syria since mid-March 2011;
  • Adopt a resolution calling for an end to the ongoing violence and violations in Syria; demanding full cooperation with the Commission of Inquiry and access for international media and independent observers to freely monitor and report on developments and human rights abuses in the country; requesting that the Secretary-General refer the report of the Commission of Inquiry, due in November, to the Security Council; and requesting that the Secretary-General appoint a special envoy for Syria; and
  • Call on the Syrian government to cooperate with the OHCHR in establishing a human rights monitoring presence in Syria, and work actively to ensure quick deployment of such a mission.

To the UN Human Rights Council and its Members

  • Remain seized of the situation as long as the repression of peaceful protests and critics continues, including through regular briefings from OHCHR;
  • Ensure followup to the recommendations arising from the investigation mandated by the Human Rights Council on April 29, 2011, and other UN mechanisms reacting to the situation;
  • Respond urgently to any credible reports of reprisals by Syrian authorities against those who cooperate and provide information to the investigation and other UN human rights mechanisms;
  • Demand and work actively to ensure cooperation by Syrian authorities with the HRC-mandated Commission of Inquiry;
  • Call on the Syrian government to cooperate with the OHCHR in establishing a human rights monitoring presence in Syria, and work actively to ensure quick deployment of such a mission; and
  • Urge the Security Council to refer the situation in Syria to the International Criminal Court.

 To United Nations Secretary-General Ban Ki-moon

  • Immediately appoint a special envoy for Syria and demand that s/he be allowed unimpeded access throughout the country;
  • Report to the Security Council on the situation in Syria at regular intervals or whenever serious developments occur on the ground, and if necessary, urge the council to take appropriate action;
  • Continue to speak out against human rights violations in Syria and to use your access to Syrian authorities to urge them to bring an end to the violence and cooperate with your envoy and OHCHR investigators; and
  • Call on the Syrian government to cooperate with the OHCHR in establishing a human rights monitoring presence in Syria, and work actively to ensure quick deployment of such a mission.

To the UN High Commissioner for Human Rights

  • Deploy a human rights monitoring presence in Syria, including in areas that witnessed widespread human rights violations, such as Homs city, Rastan, and Tal Kalakh.

To the Arab League

  • Strongly and publicly demand an end to human rights violations by the government of Syria, including the use of excessive force and unnecessary lethal force against all persons; impunity for security forces abuse; arbitrary arrests of activists and protesters; the use of torture and other mistreatment; and the general climate of repression faced by Syria’s citizens. Urge that all those responsible for such violations be brought to justice;
  • Call on Syria to release all political prisoners and compensate victims of the government’s crackdown;
  • Call on Syria to grant unhindered access to UN investigators, human rights monitors, and journalists;
  • Call on the Syrian government to cooperate with the OHCHR in establishing a human rights monitoring presence in Syria, and work actively to ensure quick deployment of such a mission.
  • Individual members should adopt targeted sanctions on officials responsible for the ongoing grave, widespread, and systematic violations of international human rights law in Syria since mid-March 2011; and
  • Suspend Syria from the Arab League if the Syrian government continues to carry out attacks against civilians

To Turkey

  • Continue to voice support for a strong Security Council resolution condemning in the strongest terms the Syrian authorities’ systematic violations of human rights; demanding access for humanitarian missions, foreign journalists, and independent human rights organizations; clearly stating that those individuals that have committed serious crimes must be held accountable; and requiring states to prevent the delivery of weapons to Syria.
  • Take a leading role within the General Assembly for collective action by UN member states to protect the Syrian people from widespread and systematic violations of their human rights and fundamental freedoms;
  • Call on the Syrian government to act in good faith and to grant access to the UN Commission of Inquiry, independent monitors, and the international media, so that reliable accounts of what is happening in Syria can be documented and made available for assessment;
  • Provide meaningful and public support for the work of the Human Rights Council, its Commission of Inquiry, and the OHCHR in Syria, and undertake to follow up on reports and recommendations emanating from the UN human rights organs;
  • Based on the facts collected by OHCHR and the Commission of Inquiry ensure a robust response to the tactics of the Syrian government against its own people, and make clear to the government that if crimes against humanity have been committed that they must be fully prosecuted;
  • Call on the Syrian government to cooperate with the OHCHR in establishing a human rights monitoring presence in Syria, and work actively to ensure quick deployment of such a mission; and
  • Adopt targeted sanctions on officials responsible for the ongoing grave, widespread, and systematic violations of international human rights law in Syria since mid-March 2011.

To India, Brazil, and South Africa

  • In the absence of an agreed position on collective action by the Security Council engage separately and jointly with the Syrian government to categorically demand an immediate end to all lethal and excessive force against protestors, arbitrary detentions and enforced disappearances, and torture;
  • Call on the Syrian government to act in good faith and to grant access to the UN Commission of Inquiry, independent monitors, and the international media, so that reliable accounts of what is happening in Syria can be documented and made available for assessment;
  • Provide meaningful and public support for the work of the Human Rights Council, its Commission of Inquiry, and the OHCHR in Syria, and undertake to follow up on reports and recommendations emanating from the UN human rights organs;
  • Based on the facts collected by OHCHR and the Commission of Inquiry ensure a robust response to the tactics of the Syrian government against its own people, and make clear to the government that if crimes against humanity have been committed that they must be fully prosecuted;
  • Call on the Syrian government to cooperate with the OHCHR in establishing a human rights monitoring presence in Syria, and work actively to ensure quick deployment of such a mission; and
  • Show leadership within the General Assembly for collective action by UN member states to protect the Syrian people from widespread and systematic violations of their human rights and fundamental freedoms.

To Russia and China

  • Support a strong Security Council resolution on Syria condemning in the strongest terms the Syrian authorities’ systematic violations of human rights; demanding access for humanitarian missions, foreign journalists, and independent human rights organizations; clearly stating that those individuals that have committed serious crimes must be held accountable; and requiring states to prevent the delivery of weapons to Syria.
  • Engage separately and jointly with the Syrian government to categorically demand an immediate end to all lethal and excessive force against protestors, arbitrary detentions and enforced disappearances, and torture.
  • Call on the Syrian government to act in good faith and to grant access to the UN Commission of Inquiry, independent monitors, and the international media, so that reliable accounts of what is happening in Syria can be documented and made available for assessment.
  • Provide meaningful and public support for the work of the Human Rights Council, its Commission of Inquiry, and the OHCHR in Syria, and undertake to follow up on reports and recommendations emanating from the UN human rights organs;
  • Based on the facts collected by OHCHR and the Commission of Inquiry ensure a robust response to the tactics of the Syrian government against its own people, and make clear to the government that if crimes against humanity have been committed that they must be fully prosecuted;
  • Call on the Syrian government to cooperate with the OHCHR in establishing a human rights monitoring presence in Syria, and work actively to ensure quick deployment of such a mission;
  • Suspend all military sales and assistance to the Syrian government as there is a clear risk that they will be used in the commission of serious human rights violations; and
  • Support a General Assembly resolution to protect the Syrian people from widespread and systematic violations of their human rights and fundamental freedoms.