September 22, 2009

The Resistance of the Monks

Buddhism and Activism in Burma

Map of Burma
I. Summary
Key Recommendations to the Government of Burma
Key Recommendations to Concerned States of the International Community
Methodology
II. Burma: A Long Tradition of Buddhist Activism
Buddhism in Independent Burma During the Parliamentary Period
Buddhism and the State After the 1962 Military Takeover
III. The Role of the Sangha in the 1988 Uprising and After the 1990 Election
The Mandalay Monks Uprising of 1990
Box: Monks Who Were Wounded on August 8, 1990, in Mandalay
IV. Aung San Suu Kyi and Buddhism..
V. The SPDC and Buddhism..
VI. The Reemergence of Buddhist Political Activism in Burma
VII. The September 2007 Crackdown
BOX: Chronology of Events, August-September 2007
VIII. Cyclone Nargis and Its Aftermath
IX. International Networks
Burmese Monks in Sri Lanka
X. Conclusion
XI. Recommendations
To the State Peace and Development Council (SPDC)
To the State Sangha Maha Nayaka Committee
To Key International Actors, including the United States, China, India, Japan, the European Union (and its member states), ASEAN (and its member states), and the United Nations (and its agencies)
Acknowledgments
Appendix I: Terminology and Abbreviations
Appendix II: Letter to the Penang Sayadaw U Bhaddantapannyavamsa from the Burmese Foreign Ministry, October 27, 2007
Appendix III: Statement by Sasana Moli, the International Burmese Monks Organization, May 2008