March 25, 2009

Rain of Fire

Israel's Unlawful Use of White Phosphorus in Gaza

I. Summary
White Phosphorus Use in Gaza
Methodology
II. Recommendations
To the Government of Israel
To the United Nations
To the United States
III. What is White Phosphorus?
Israel's Use of White Phosphorus
Hamas's Alleged Use of White Phosphorus
IV. White Phosphorus Attacks in Populated Areas
Attacks on Urban Areas
Tel al-Hawa Neighborhood, Gaza City
Al-Quds Hospital, Tel al-Hawa Neighborhood, Gaza City
UNRWA Headquarters Compound, Gaza City
Beit Lahiya UNRWA School
Attacks on Outlying Communities
Siyafa Village, Beit Lahiya
Khuza'a Village
V. Israel's Shifting Statements on White Phosphorus
VI. Legal Standards
White Phosphorus Use and the Conduct of Hostilities
White Phosphorus and Law on Incendiary Weapons
Israel's Use of White Phosphorus under International Law
White Phosphorus Use in Populated Areas and Individual Criminal Responsibility
Acknowledgements
Appendices
HRW letter to the IDF
IDF response to HRW