June 28, 2007

Scared Silent

Impunity for Extrajudicial Killings in the Philippines

I. Summary
II. Methods
III. Recent Military Relations with Government and Civil Society
Military involvement in politics
Military campaign against the New People's Army
The military and leftist political and civil society groups
Recent Developments
Task Force Usig..
Melo Commission..
Visit by the Special Rapporteur on Extrajudicial Executions
IV. Extrajudicial Executions
Extrajudicial executions
Pastor Isias de Leon Santa Rosa..
Ricardo Ramos
Attempted Killing of "Nestor Gonzalez"
Pastor Jemias Tinambacan..
Pastor Andy Pawikan..
"Gloria Fabicon"
"Disappearance" of two women..
"Manuel Balani"
Danilo Hagosojos
Armando Javier
Attempted Killing of Roderick Abalde..
Sotero Llamas
League of Filipino Students (LFS) in Bicol
Ongoing impunity for military personnel
V. Failures to Investigate and Prosecute..
Lack of Successful Prosecutions
State responsibility and command responsibility
"Solved" cases unsolved..
Poor policing..
Harassment of families and acquaintances following killings
Witnesses and victims' families' fears of retribution..
Impediments to investigating military involvement in political killings
Identification of NPA as perpetrators
Police identification of unlikely perpetrators
Threats and Harassment of human rights lawyers
Harassment of international human rights workers
VI. Recommendations
To the President:
To the Armed Forces of the Philippines:
To the Philippines National Police:
To the Judiciary:
To the United States:
VII. Acknowledgments