July 16, 2005

Positively Abandoned

Stigma and Discrimination against HIV-Positive Mothers and their Children in Russia

Summary
Recommendations
Methods
Background
Stigma of Revealing Diagnosis
Prospect of Parenthood
Investigation
I: HIV-Positive Women and Medical Care during Pregnancy
Rise in mother-to-child transmission (MTCT)
Problems at Gynecological Clinics
Access to ARV drugs for MTCT prevention
Prenatal Care, Labor and Delivery
II:Abandoned Children
Care of Abandoned Children

Model I: Separate orphanages for HIV-positive children . 24

Model II: Sending babies to a regular baby house . 27

Model III: Keeping infants in hospital wards . 30

III:HIV-Positive Families and the Problems Children Face
Conclusion
Acknowledgements