July 4, 2005

Egypt: Margins of Repression

State Limits on Nongovernmental Organization Activism

I. Summary
II. Recommendations
III. Background
Domestic Protections and Realities
Overview of Law 84/2002
IV. Egypt's International Legal Obligations
V. The Situation since June 2003
Extra-legal Role of Security Services
Article 11
Pressure and Harassment
Bureaucratic Obstacles
Maintaining Compliance
Unreasonable Bureaucratic Requirements
State Sanctions: Rejection of Board Members and Dissolution of NGOs
VI. Conclusion
Appendix: Human Rights Watch Letter to Ministry of Insurance and Social Affairs