May 10, 2005

Black Hole:

The Fate of Islamists Rendered to Egypt

I. Summary
II. Torture in Egypt and the Prohibition Against Involuntary Return
The Prohibition against Refoulement
The Arab Convention for the Suppression of Terrorism...
III. Who are the Jihadists?
IV. The Role of the United States
V. Bad Precedent: The 1995 and 1998 Renditions
Tal`at Fu'ad Qassim...
Breaking the Tirana Cell
VI. Muhammad al-Zawahiri and Hussain al-Zawahiri
VII. From Stockholm to Cairo: Ahmad `Agiza and Muhammad Al-Zari`
Ahmad `Agiza's trial
VIII. Cairo to Kabul to Guantanamo: the `Abd al-Salam al-Hila case
IX. The Egypt-Yemen "Exchange Renditions": The Abduction of Gen.Ahmad Salem `Ubaid
X. Trade-Off: The Rendition to Egypt of Sayyid Imam al-Sharif, `Issam Shu`aib, Khalifa Bidaiwi al-Sayyid al-Badawi, Ali`Abd al-Rahim, `Uthman al-Samman, and `Abd al-`Aziz Musa Dawud al-Gamal
XI. Recommendations
To the Government of Egypt
To the Member States of the League of Arab States
To the United States, the Member States of the European Union, and the International Community
Acknowledgements
Appendix: Known and Reported Renditions to Egypt 1994-2004