November 16, 2004

Hated to Death:

Homophobia, Violence and Jamaica's HIV/AIDS Epidemic

Glossary of Key Terms
A Note on Jamaican language
I.SUMMARY..
II.RECOMMENDATIONS
To the Jamaican government
Reform the law enforcement system...
Enhance the national effort against HIV/AIDS
To Donors and International Organizations
III.METHODS
IV.BACKGROUND...
HIV/AIDS in Jamaica
Homophobia in Jamaica and its role in driving the HIV/AIDS epidemic
V.FINDINGS OF HUMAN RIGHTS WATCH'S INVESTIGATION...
Police abuse
Police abuse based on sexual orientation and gender identity
Police abuse of sex workers
Police interference with access to HIV/AIDS information and health services
Abuses in the health care system...
Discrimination by health care providers
Discrimination in health care provision
Inadequate protection of confidential information
Driving men who have sex with men and people living with HIV/AIDS from health care services
Fostering dangerous practices and complicating health care provision
Denial of access to transportation
Other abuses by non-state actors: violence in the family and in the community
Abuses based on sexual orientation and gender identity
Abuses against people living with HIV/AIDS
VI.GOVERNMENT RESPONSE..
Improving legal and policy protections
Educating health personnel
Efforts to address police abuse and provide HIV/AIDS education to police
Institutional mechanisms to address police misconduct
Police training on HIV/AIDS and related human rights issues
VII.REGIONAL EFFORTS TO ADDRESS HIV/AIDS
VIII.LEGAL STANDARDS
Freedom from violence
The right to privacy and the right to freedom from discrimination
Freedom from arbitrary arrest and detention
Freedom of association and assembly
The right to the highest attainable standard of health
IX.CONCLUSION...
Acknowledgments
Appendix