October 20, 2004

THE WRONGS OF PASSAGE:

Inhuman and Degrading Treatment of New Recruits in the Russian Armed Forces

ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS
EXECUTIVE SUMMARY..
BACKGROUND: THE STORY OF ONE CONSCRIPT..
INITIATION PRACTICES AND HUMAN RIGHTS
Torture, Inhuman and Degrading Treatment
Right to the Highest Attainable Standard of Health
Right to the Peaceful Enjoyment of One's Possessions
Government's Responsibility to Investigate
DEDOVSHCHINA ABUSES: AN OVERVIEW...
Expectations of Servility to Dedy
Food, Money and Other Belongings
"Stodnevka"
Confiscation of the Property of Conscripts
Confiscation of Salaries
Confiscation of Money and Food from Correspondence
Visits by Relatives
Demands for Money, Cigarettes, and Other Goods
Off-Hours

Nighttime Chores . 40

Rituals . 40

Food and Health . 42

Punishment
Individual Punishment

Shaving with Lighter 45

Collective Punishment
Gratuitous Abuse
Drunken Abuse
Sexual Violence
THE CONSEQUENCES OF DEDOVSHCHINA..
Desperate for a Way Out
Flight
Suicide Attempts and Suicidal Thoughts
Suicides, Deaths, and Suspicious Deaths
Physical Consequences
Psychological Consequences
Disclosure of Medical Condition upon Discharge
DEDOVSHCHINA AND THE ROLE OF OFFICERS
Good and Bad Units: The Contrast
Oversight
Prevention Mechanisms
Complaints and the "Rule of Silence"
Complaining to Medical Professionals
ACCOUNTABILITY..
Investigation of Abusive Practices
The Disciplinary Code
Disciplinary Punishment for Dedy
Disciplinary Punishment for Officers
Criminal Prosecution of Dedy
Criminal Prosecution of Officers
RECOMMENDATIONS
Public Commitment to Combating Dedovshchina
Prevention
Training of Officers
Enforcement of Existing Prevention Mechanisms
Learning from Best Practices
Accountability
Independent Monitoring
Structural Reform...
Recommendations to the International Community
GLOSSARY..