October 21, 2003

Hearts and Minds:

Post-war Civilian Deaths in Baghdad Caused by U.S. Forces

I. SUMMARY..
II. RECOMMENDATIONS
To the United States and Other Coalition Governments
The Use of Force:
At Checkpoints:
On Raids:
Training:
Accountability
III. STATISTICAL ANALYSIS OF CIVILIAN DEATHS
Methodology
Gender and Age of Victims
Civilian Deaths Over Time
Graph 1 - Questionable Civilian Deaths in Baghdad Over Time
U.S. Military Units Involved
Airborne
Armored Division
IV. TRAINING AND TRANSITION FROM COMBAT..
V. CASE STUDIES
The Checkpoint in al-Slaikh
Car One: The Killing of Saif Ra`ad `Ali Sa`id al-`Azawi, age 20
Car Two: The Killing of `Adil `Abd al-Karim al-Kawwaz, 42, Haidar `Adil `Abd al-Karim al-Kawwaz, 19, `Ula `Adil `Abd al-Karim al-Kawwaz, 17, and Mirvat `Adil `Abd al-Karim al-Kawwaz, 8
The Killing of `Uday Ahmad Mustafa
The Killing of Farah Fadhil al-Janabi and Mardan Muhammad Hassan
The Killing of Ra`ad Fahd Shallal, Sa`id Majid Sa`dun and `Uday `Abbas`Aday
The Killing of Lt. `Ala' `Ali Salih and Sgt. Muhammad Hilal Nahi
The Killing of Muhammad Subhi Hassan al-Qubaisi
Checkpoint in al-Mansur
Car One: Killing of Zaid `Imad Ghazal Ibrahim al-Ruba`i, 14
Car Two: Killing of Klemantine Salim `Abd al-Karim, 75, Tamir Alber Alias Kasira, 40, and Mazin Alber Alias Kasira, 35
A Bomb and Shooting on Haifa Street
VI. HUMAN RIGHTS AND INTERNATIONAL HUMANITARIAN LAW...
VII. ACCOUNTABILITY..
VIII. COMPENSATION...
APPENDIX I: Reported Civilian Deaths in Baghdad, May 1st-September 30
APPENDIX II: After Action Report
APPENDIX III: Witness Account From Frontline Cameraman Scott Anger
ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS