April 15, 2009

Appendix A: Frequency Table for Criminal Offense Codes

Note: Only most serious crime included when deportee was convicted of more than one offense. Remainder of table (displaying remaining 1.7 percent of deportations) is available at Online Appendix I. [62] Cumulative total may not add up due to rounding.

Criminal Offense Code

Frequency

Percent

Cumulative Percent

NO CRIME DATA

395,272

44.1

44.1

ILLEGAL ENTRY

121,099

13.5

57.6

DRIVING UNDER THE INFLUENCE OF LIQUOR

36,429

4.1

61.6

ASSAULT

27,802

3.1

64.7

IMMIGRATION [63]

27,727

3.1

67.8

DANGEROUS DRUGS [64]

25,643

2.9

70.7

COCAINE – POSSESSION

20,885

2.3

73.0

COCAINE – SELL

18,599

2.1

75.1

FALSE CITIZENSHIP

15,232

1.7

76.8

CRUELTY TOWARD WIFE [65]

12,725

1.4

78.2

ROBBERY

11,135

1.2

79.4

MARIJUANA – POSSESSION

11,063

1.2

80.7

BURGLARY

9,402

1.0

81.7

MARIJUANA – SELL

8,317

0.9

82.6

TRAFFIC OFFENSE

7,336

0.8

83.5

WEAPON OFFENSE

7,051

0.8

84.2

LARCENY

6,954

0.8

85.0

AMPHETAMINE – POSSESSION

6,492

0.7

85.7

SMUGGLING ALIENS

6,478

0.7

86.5

AGGRAVATED ASSAULT – WEAPON

5,412

0.6

87.1

HEROIN – SELL

4,496

0.5

87.6

AMPHETAMINE – SELL

4,061

0.5

88.0

VEHICLE THEFT

3,926

0.4

88.5

SEX ASSAULT

3,751

0.4

88.9

HEROIN – POSSESSION

3,476

0.4

89.3

FRAUD

3,472

0.4

89.6

MARIJUANA – SMUGGLING

3,322

0.4

90.0

SEX OFFENSE – AGAINST CHILD – FONDLING

2,942

0.3

90.3

SIMPLE ASSAULT

2,840

0.3

90.7

FORGERY

2,836

0.3

91.0

TRESPASSING

2,487

0.3

91.3

SEX OFFENSE

2,417

0.3

91.5

DRIVING UNDER THE INFLUENCE OF DRUGS

2,255

0.3

91.8

DRUGS – HEALTH OR SAFETY

2,251

0.3

92.0

CARRYING CONCEALED WEAPON

2,172

0.2

92.3

COCAINE [66]

2,160

0.2

92.5

DISORDERLY CONDUCT

2,157

0.2

92.8

HIT AND RUN

1,963

0.2

93.0

NARCOTIC EQUIP[MENT] – POSSESSION

1,889

0.2

93.2

PROBATION VIOLATION

1,861

0.2

93.4

CRUELTY TOWARD CHILD [67]

1,830

0.2

93.6

AGGRAVATED ASSAULT – FAMILY – STRONG ARM

1,810

0.2

93.8

SYNTH[ETIC] NARCOTIC – POSSESSION

1,672

0.2

94.0

FAMILY OFFENSE [68]

1,631

0.2

94.2

UNAUTHORIZED USE OF VEHICLE

1,617

0.2

94.3

SHOPLIFTING

1,572

0.2

94.5

POSSESSION OF WEAPON

1,565

0.2

94.7

RESISTING OFFICER

1,452

0.2

94.9

MARIJUANA [69]

1,450

0.2

95.0

HOMICIDE

1,443

0.2

95.2

FRAUD – IMPERSONATION

1,427

0.2

95.3

RECEIVING STOLEN PROPERTY

1,427

0.2

95.5

SYNTH[ETIC] NARCOTIC – SELL

1,385

0.2

95.6

COCAINE – SMUGGLING

1,286

0.1

95.8

KIDNAPPING

1,127

0.1

95.9

FAILURE TO APPEAR

1,070

0.1

96.0

STOLEN VEHICLE

1,017

0.1

96.2

PUBLIC ORDER CRIMES

989

0.1

96.3

OBSTRUCT POLICE

972

0.1

96.4

CARRYING PROHIBITED WEAPON

968

0.1

96.5

AGGRAVATED ASSAULT – NONFAMILY – WEAPON

936

0.1

96.6

RAPE – STRONG ARM [70]

893

0.1

96.7

PROSTITUTION

848

0.1

96.8

FIRING WEAPON

847

0.1

96.9

DAMAGE PROPERTY

824

0.1

97.0

CRIMES AGAINST PERSON

824

0.1

97.1

AGGRAVATED ASSAULT – GUN

767

0.1

97.1

INTIMIDATION

749

0.1

97.2

AMPHETAMINE – MANUFACTURE

745

0.1

97.3

AMPHETAMINE [71]

731

0.1

97.4

STOLEN PROPERTY [72]

716

0.1

97.5

FRAUD – FALSE STATEMENT

715

0.1

97.5

HOMICIDE – NEGLIGENT MANSLAUGHTER – VEHICLE

627

0.1

97.6

POSSESSION FORGED (IDENTIFY OBJECT)

617

0.1

97.7

HEROIN – SMUGGLING

609

0.1

97.8

MAKING FALSE REPORT

561

0.1

97.8

AGGRAVATED ASSAULT – POLICE OFFICER – STRONG ARM [73]

558

0.1

97.9

SEX ASSAULT – CARNAL ABUSE

513

0.1

97.9

AGGRAVATED ASSAULT – NONFAMILY – STRONG ARM [74]

506

0.1

98.0

STATUTORY RAPE – NO FORCE

501

0.1

98.0

HEROIN

466

0.1

98.1

POSSESSION STOLEN PROPERTY

434

0.0

98.1

ARSON

419

0.0

98.2

PROPERTY CRIMES

406

0.0

98.2

FLIGHT TO AVOID (PROSECUTION, ETC.)

406

0.0

98.3

[62] http://www.hrw.org/sites/default/files/reports/appendixi.pdf.

[63] "Immigration" is an offense category in the NCIC dataset that is used for those instances in which the police officer chooses to write in detail what the crime is, but the detailed description most likely comports with one of the offenses for which there is a more specific code. For example, in the 2000 codebook, there were three other immigration offenses: "illegal entry," "false citizenship," and "alien smuggling." So, if the officer chooses to describe the fact that someone, for example, provided 12 Guatemalans with false citizenship papers, he could use the crime code "immigration" and write in that description, but alternatively he could have simply recorded the crime code for false citizenship.

[64] "Dangerous Drugs" is an offense category in the NCIC dataset that is used for those instances in which the police officer wants to write in detail what the drug crime is. Officers are supposed to indicate a code separate from the catch-all of dangerous drugs in order to specify which drug was at issue in the crime. Dangerous drugs therefore includes all of the drugs that are separately listed with different offense codes: hallucinogens (not including marijuana), heroin, opium or derivative, cocaine, synthetic narcotics, marijuana, amphetamines, and barbiturates, and also possession of narcotic equipment. See Federal Bureau of Investigation, Criminal Justice Information Services Division, "NCIC 2000 Code Manual," Washington, DC, http://www.leds.state.or.us/OSP/CJIS/docs/ncic_2000_code_manual.pdf (accessed March 20, 2009 ).

[65] "Cruelty Toward Wife" is an offense category used for the subcategory of domestic violence crimes, including misdemeanors, committed against an individual's spouse causing physical and/or mental suffering. See, for example, 8 C.F.R. Section 204.2(c)(1)(vi). In some states, it may also include the failure to make court-ordered alimony payments.

[66] The separate category of "Cocaine" from "Cocaine – Sell/Possession/Smuggling" exists to provide the police officer with a space to write in detail what the crime is, but the detailed description most likely comports with one of the offenses for which there is a more specific code. For example, if the officer chooses to describe the fact that someone smuggled 10 kilograms of cocaine in his automobile trunk, he could use the crime code "cocaine" and write in that description, but alternatively he could have simply recorded the crime code for "cocaine – smuggling."

[67] "Cruelty Toward Child" is an offense category used for the subcategory of domestic violence or child welfare crimes, including misdemeanors, committed against a child causing physical and/or mental suffering. See, for example, 8 C.F.R. Section 204.2(c)(1)(vi). In some states, it may also include the failure to make court-ordered child support payments, and a variety of violations of child neglect statutes. See, for example, California Penal Code, Chapter 2, "Abandonment and Neglect of Children," Sections 270-273.75.

[68] "Family Offense" is an offense category used for the subcategory of domestic violence or child welfare crimes, including misdemeanors, committed against a spouse or child.

[69] The separate category of "Marijuana" from "Marijuana – Sell/Possession/Smuggling" exists to provide the police officer with a space to write in detail what the crime is, but the detailed description most likely comports with one of the offenses for which there is a more specific code. For example, if the officer chooses to describe the fact that someone smuggled 10 kilograms of marijuana in his automobile trunk, he could use the crime code "marijuana" and write in that description, but alternatively he could have simply recorded the crime code for "marijuana – smuggling."

[70] "Rape – Strong Arm" is an offense category used to describe the crime of rape committed with the use of force.

[71] The separate category of "Amphetamine" from "Amphetamine – Sell/Possession/Smuggling" exists to provide the police officer with a space to write in detail what the crime is, but the detailed description most likely comports with one of the offenses for which there is a more specific code.

[72] The separate category of "Stolen Property" from "Receiving/Possession Stolen Property" exists to provide the police officer with a space to write in detail what the crime is, but the detailed description most likely comports with one of the offenses for which there is a more specific code.

[73] "Aggravated Assault – Police Officer – Strong Arm" is an offense category used to describe the crime of aggravated assault against a police officer with the use of force.

[74] "Aggravated Assault – Nonfamily – Strong Arm" is an offense category used to describe the crime of aggravated assault against an individual not a member of the accused's family with the use of force.