Analysis shows major agricultural developments in the three major river basins because of the intensification of Iranian hydroelectric damming activity since 2000. The analysis shows that increased damming and water consumption in Iran has led to a proliferation of Iranian sugar plantations, fish farming, and other agricultural developments. At the same time, the damming has had a substantial impact on falling water flow into the Shatt al-Arab, increasing the salinity of the river due to sea water intrusion. As a result, the analysis shows that Basra has seen major vegetation losses since 2000 as farmers have had to rely on saline river water to irrigate their land, destroying the soil and killing off their crops. Vegetation change detection analysis (2000 – 2017).