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  • Dead Silence: The Legacy of Abuses in Punjab

    The bloody conflict in the Indian state of Punjab drew to a close in 1993, but the restoration of an elected government has not meant the restoration of the rule of law. To the contrary, the Punjab police continue to torture, kill or cause their victims to disappear with impunity.

  • The Medan Demonstrations and Beyond

    In April 1994, tens of thousands of workers took to the streets in Medan, Indonesia, demanding higher wages, improved benefits and freedom of association. Notable for their size and anti-Chinese violence, the protests underscored the Indonesian government's urgent need to address worker's rights issues.

  • Iraq’s Crime Of Genocide: The Anfal Campaign against the Kurds

    Iraq’s 1988 Anfal campaign of extermination against the Kurdish people living within its borders resulted in the death of at least 50,000 and as many as 100,000 people, many of them women and children. This book, co-published with Yale University Press, investigates the Anfal campaign and concludes that this campaign constituted genocide against the Kurds.

  • The Macedonians of Greece

    Although ethnic Macedonians in northern Greece make up a large minority with their own language and culture, their internationally-recognized human rights and even their existence are vigorously denied by the Greek government. Free expression is restricted; several Macedonians have been prosecuted and convicted for the peaceful expression of their views.

  • Genocide in Rwanda

    The mysterious death of President Habyarimana of Rwanda in April 1994 was the pretext for Hutu extremists from the late president's entourage to launch a campaign of genocide against the Tutsi, a minority that made up about 15 percent of the population. The extremists also killed Hutu willing to cooperate with Tutsi in forming a more democratic government.

  • Unsettled Business

    Human Rights in Chile at the Start of the Frei Presidency

    Under former President Aylwin's four-year “transitional” administration, Chile took notable steps toward consolidating democracy, reestablishing civil and individual rights, and healing the wounds caused by decades of political strife and gross human rights violations under military rule.

  • Mauritania's Campaign of Terror

    State-Sponsored Repression of Black Africans

    Since 1989, tens of thousands of black Mauritanians have been forcibly expelled and hundreds more have been tortured or killed. An undeclared military occupation of the Senegal River Valley — where many of the blacks live — subjects those who remain to harsh repression.

  • War Crimes in Bosnia-Hercegovina: Bosanski Samac

    Six War Criminals Named by Victims of "Ethnic Cleansing"

    In detailing gross violations of human rights and humanitarian law in Bosanski Samac, this report identifies six war criminals — known as Stevo Todorovic, Slavko and Makso, Goran, Lugar, and Cika Tralija — and calls for immediate action by the international tribunal on war crimes in the former Yugoslavia.