Narges Mohammadi, a prominent human rights defender and the Vice President of the banned Defenders of Human Rights Center (DHRC), was first arrested and sentenced to six years in prison in 2012. She was released from prison in 2013 on medical grounds but was arrested again on May 5, 2015, to serve the remainder of her six-year sentence. Two days earlier and following her meeting with with Catherine Ashton, the former EU foreign policy chief, the authorities had summoned and charged Mohammadi with several new offences, including creating the illegal "Step by Step to Stop Death Penalty" group, a nongovernmental organization dedicated to reducing the alarming number of executions in Iran (at least 230 so far this year).
In June 2016, authorities sentenced Mohammadi to one year in prison for “propaganda against the state,” five years for “assembly and collusion to act against national security,” and 10 years for “establishing an illegal group.” Under Iran's Penal Code, she would serve the longest sentence, which is 10 years, which was confirmed in September. Now detained in the notorious Evin prison in Tehran, Mohammadi suffers a serious neurological disease that causes muscular paralysis and has been denied access to proper medical treatment. Mohamadi is one of the hundreds of human rights defenders and activists who have been prosecuted for their peaceful activities in Iran.