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Grim Decade for Human Rights

(Beirut) – Justice remains elusive and impunity rampant a decade after the United Nations Security Council referred the situation in Libya to the International Criminal Court (ICC) prosecutor, Human Rights Watch said today. Since 2011, multiple…
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Hundreds in Tarhouna Reported Missing From 2014 to 2020

(Beirut) – Hundreds of residents of the Libyan town Tarhouna were abducted or reported missing between 2014 and 2020, Human Rights Watch said today. Authorities of the country’s Government of National Accord (GNA) say that they have discovered 27 mass…
Residents of the Libyan town Tarhouna who were abducted or reported missing between 2014 and 2020.
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Justice Needed for 3 Children’s Deaths

(Beirut) – An airstrike by the Libyan National Army (LNA), on a home in a residential area of Tripoli on October 14, 2019 that killed three girls and wounded their mother and another sister, is an apparent…
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The scars ran deep. His back was a maze of thick welts, thinner scars and parts that resembled small craters. His wrists and ankles were raw from where he’d been shackled and suspended from a ceiling for hours, and his limbs appeared…
Armed forces allied to internationally recognized government fight with armed group in Tripoli, Libya September 22, 2018. © 2018 Hani Amara/Reuters
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Hiftar’s Forces, Rival Militias Have History of Abuses

(Tunis) – All forces taking part in fighting around Libya’s capital, Tripoli, should take all necessary action to minimize civilian harm and abide by the laws of war, Human Rights Watch said today. Armed groups loyal to both sides have…
Armed forces allied to internationally recognized government fight with armed group in Tripoli, Libya September 22, 2018. © 2018 Hani Amara/Reuters
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Despite Pact, Deliberate Damage, Security Concerns Prevent Return to Tawergha

(Beirut) – Most of the 48,000 former residents of the Libyan town of Tawergha, forcibly displaced for seven years, have not been able to return home, Human Rights Watch said today after visiting the town. Despite reconciliation agreements that…
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Respond to Youth Demands, Gain Respect in the World

(Beirut) – Middle East and North Africa (MENA) governments can respond to the popular demands of the region’s youth for reform by implementing five changes in 2018 to arbitrary, outdated legal systems that infringe upon citizens’ rights and liberties,…
Demonstration outside Parliament on December 6, 2016, with women in white dresses and wrapped in bandages, calling for the repeal of article 522 of the penal code.
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International Criminal Court Issues Warrant for LNA Commander

(Beirut) – Forces loyal to the Libyan National Army (LNA) in eastern Libya appear to have executed captured fighters in Benghazi and desecrated corpses, Human Rights Watch said today. Video recordings posted online since January 2017 seem to show LNA…
The above image is a screenshot from a video posted on July 24, 2017 showing the apparent summary execution by LNA fighters of 20 prisoners, whom the commander, believed to be ICC suspect Mahmoud Al-Werfalli (wearing cap),  accuses of “terrorism.”
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General Khalifa Hiftar Commander of the Libyan National Army Al-Marj, Libya Delivery by e-mail Dear General Hiftar: Human Rights Watch has been tracking violations against civilians in Benghazi since the 2011 uprising. Our researchers were…
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Attacks, Threats, and Harassment

(Beirut) – Human rights defenders, activists, and social media bloggers have been physically attacked, detained, threatened, harassed, and disappeared by armed groups, some of whom are affiliated with the state authorities, in Tripoli and…
Demonstrators gather to protest against the presence of militias in the Libyan capital in Tripoli's Martyrs' Square on March 17, 2017.
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Brigade Holding Ex-Leader’s Son Alleges He’s Free

(Beirut) – The authorities vying for legitimacy as Libya’s government should take all feasible steps to facilitate the surrender Saif al-Islam Gaddafi, a son of Muammar Gaddafi, to the International Criminal Court (ICC), Human…
Report
Summary The final stage of the [2011] revolution was in Sirte. We were filled with hope. Then step by step, Daesh took over. Now we feel we are cursed. -“Ali,” resident who fled ISIS in Sirte In…
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Widespread Arbitrary Detention May Constitute Crimes Against Humanity

(Berlin) – Thousands of people have been detained without charge in Libya for more than a year, Human Rights Watch said in a report released today. The widespread and systematic nature of these long-term arbitrary detentions may…
Al-Jawiyyah prison
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Summary Consecutive interim governments and authorities in Libya have failed to investigate, prosecute, charge and end the arbitrary detention of thousands of people held in relation to the 2011 uprising against former Libyan leader…
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He and 3 Top Former Officials Describe Grave Due Process Violations

(Beirut) – The jailed son of former Libyan leader Muammar Gaddafi said that he had been held in solitary confinement and suffered due process violations during pretrial detention at Tripoli’s al-Hadba prison. Al-Saadi Gaddafi made the allegations on…
Libyan former head of intelligence Abdullah Sanussi sits behind bars together with other suspects during their trial at a courtroom in Tripoli, Libya, on November 16, 2014.
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Defendants Alleged Limited Access to Lawyers, Ill-Treatment

(Beirut) – The trial in which 32 Gaddafi-era officials were convicted on July 28, 2015, of serious crimes during Libya’s 2011 uprising was undermined by serious due process violations, Human Rights Watch said today. Libya missed an important…
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Court Prosecutor to Brief UN Security Council

(New York) – United Nations Security Council members should use the International Criminal Court (ICC) prosecutor’s briefing on her Libya investigation on May 12, 2015, to speak out strongly against the state of impunity in the country, Human Rights Watch…
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October 28, 2014   Bernardino Leon UN Special Representative in Libya UN Support Mission in Libya Tunis- Tunisia RE: Necessary International Action to End Impunity in Libya Dear…
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Sofiane Chourabi, a Tunisian journalist emblematic of Tunisia’s struggle for free speech and media independence, and his cameraman, Nadhir Ktari, have been missing since an unidentified group reportedly seized them in Libya last September. On…
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Human Rights Abuses in Libya and Sudan

Libya Human rights conditions in Libya regressed sharply in 2014. Since May 2014, parties to the armed conflicts have directly attacked and abducted civilians and looted, burned and otherwise destroyed civilian infrastructure. Hundreds of…