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Laetitia Bader, Human Rights Watch’s Horn of Africa Director, recently returned from a research mission in Sudan to interview refugees who fled the fighting that broke out in Ethiopia’s Tigray region in early November 2020. For several weeks, federal…
People who fled the conflict in Ethiopia's Tigray region ride a bus to the Village 8 temporary shelter near the Sudan-Ethiopia border, in Hamdayet, eastern Sudan, December 1, 2020. 
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Response to the Joint Questionnaire on Covid-19 and Human Rights by UN Special Procedure Mandate Holders

https://www.ohchr.org/EN/Issues/Poverty/Pages/callCovid19.aspx We are writing to share our concerns regarding the protection of older people during the Covid-19 pandemic. These include access to social services, concerns regarding nursing homes,…
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Civilians Bear the Brunt of Renewed Fighting

Libya began descending into chaos after Muammar Gaddafi was overthrown in 2011. Could you summarize the complex situation in Libya today? The latest conflict started in April 2019, when an armed group in eastern Libya called…
Government of National Accord fighters take positions during clashes with east-based fighters from the Libyan National Army at Al-Yarmouk frontline in Tripoli, Libya on August 29, 2019.
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After recruitment by Al-Shabab, children face difficult conditions in detention

How is it that children get involved with Al-Shabab in the first place?   Al-Shabab uses many means to recruit children, including enticements, deceit and force. Poor rural communities, with little protection, are particularly vulnerable to…
Photo of Somali children blindfolded.
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NGOs urge prohibitions on military aid to governments using child soldiers

September 14, 2016 President Barack Obama The White House 1600 Pennsylvania Avenue, NW Washington, DC 20500 Re: Presidential determinations regarding the Child Soldiers Prevention Act …
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Prime Minister Justin Trudeau Office of the Prime Minister 80 Wellington Street Ottawa, ON K1A 0A2                                                                                                       July 9,…
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Dear NATO Heads of State, The 2016 NATO Summit, to be held in Warsaw on July 8-9, 2016, is meant to reaffirm NATO’s continuing commitment to Afghanistan at a time when the Afghan government is under growing pressure not only from Taliban…
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Re: Human Rights Priorities for the New Government

Dear President U Htin Kyaw, We congratulate you on becoming Myanmar’s first civilian president appointed by a democratically elected parliament since 1962. We respect the sacrifices that you, National League for Democracy (…
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Kenya’s Lake Turkana is the largest desert lake in the world. Anthropologists consider it the cradle of civilization, where some of the earliest hominid fossils were found. Roughly 300,000 people live around Lake Turkana, and most…
dirt road
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To Human Rights Watch  Human Rights Watch issued on 15 July 2015 report to public opinion in which accused our units recruiting those under the legal age in hostilities. We highly appreciate report of the Human Rights Watch…
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Yemen Country Profile

There was widespread destruction of schools in direct attacks, including air strikes, bombing, shelling and looting, as well as in general fighting and in clashes during protests. Schools and universities were used as barracks, bases and firing positions.…
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H.E. Ibrahim O. Dabbashi Permanent Representative of Libya to the United Nations   Dear Ambassador Dabbashi,   We wish to congratulate you on your election on 1 October as chair of the United Nations General Assembly (UNGA) First Committee on Disarmament…