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Proper Security Forces Reform Urgently Needed

Sudan’s transitional government announced plans last week to create a new joint security force tasked with ensuring the rule of law and fighting security threats across the country. But the joint force is riddled with problems, not least of which is…
A Sudanese soldier from the Rapid Support Forces or RSF stands on his vehicle during a military-backed tribe's rally in the East Nile province, Sudan on June 22th, 2019.

More Efforts Needed to Ensure Timely, Transparent Accountability

When Sudan’s long-standing president Omar al-Bashir was ousted on April 11, 2019, protesters who had placed their lives on the line hoped this would mark the beginning of a freer and more just Sudan. Two years on, amidst slow progress and complex…
Sudanese celebrate after officials said the military had forced longtime autocratic President Omar al-Bashir to step down after 30 years in power in Khartoum, Sudan, Thursday, April 11, 2019.

Victims Await Justice for Darfur Atrocities

On March 11, former Darfuri tribal leader, Musa Hilal, was released after four years in detention in Sudan’s capital Khartoum after being pardoned by the country’s Sovereign Council. Hilal gained notoriety playing a well-documented role leading the…
Sudanese Janjaweed militia chief Musa Hilal waves following his release in the Maamoura suburb of the capital Khartoum, Sudan, March 11, 2021. 

Sudan’s Government Still Failing to Protect Darfuri Civilians

The mid-January attacks on civilians in west Darfur were the Sudanese government’s first big test of its readiness and ability to protect Darfuri civilians. It failed miserably. No one should be surprised. On December 22, the United Nations…
United Nations Mission in Darfur peacekeepers stand guard in Shagra village, North Darfur, October 18, 2012. © 2012 Reuters

Item 10 Enhanced Interactive Dialogue with the Independent Expert on Sudan - HRC45

Now in its second year of a three-year transition, Sudan faces enormous challenges.  Protests have continued across the country over lack of progress on accountability and reform. In some instances, government forces used lethal violence to…
A mural reading, "The Revolution will go on" is seen on a wall in Khartoum, Sudan, June 18, 2019.

“Public Nuisance” Charges Show Need for Legal, Police Reform

On September 18, a court in Khartoum sentenced five Sudanese artists to two months in prison and made them pay a fine of 5,000 Sudanese pounds (USD $90) on charges of “disturbing public peace” and “public nuisance,” for chanting pro-democracy slogans…
A mural reading, "The Revolution will go on" is seen on a wall in Khartoum, Sudan, June 18, 2019.

Authorities Should Urgently Remove Armed Forces, Reopen Girls’ School

On vehicles mounted with machine guns, armed paramilitaries took over a girls’ primary school on June 14, 2020, according to a local human rights organization.  The armed men, from Sudan’s Rapid Support Forces, dug a trench around the school,…
This file photo shows a sign reading "Education is a right for a girl child" at a refugee settlement of people from South Sudan in Imvepi, Uganda, 27 June 2017.

Many Problematic Laws Still Need Reform

On July 18, the Sudanese army issued a statement saying they had appointed a special commissioner to bring lawsuits against individuals who “insult” the army, including activists and journalists, both in and outside of Sudan, who write online.…
Sudanese soldiers stand guard as demonstrators rally near the army headquarters in the Sudanese capital Khartoum, April 11, 2019.

Item 10 Enhanced Interactive Dialogue on Sudan

Thank you, Madam President. Sudan’s political transition remains fragile. Protests have continued across the country, calling for faster reform and civilian rule. On June 30 in Omdurman, at least one protester was shot dead and many injured,…
Delegates sit at the opening of the 41th session of the Human Rights Council, at the European headquarters of the United Nations in Geneva, Switzerland, June 24, 2019.

Problematic Laws, Practices Still a Challenge

Sudan’s Sovereign Council recently passed into law several long-awaited amendments that, if implemented and used properly, should improve human rights in the country. The amendments include criminalization of female genital mutilation, a widespread…
Sudan's Justice Minister Nasredeen Abdulbari

Increase Healthcare Access and Information to the Most Vulnerable

  When Sudanese officials announced a series of measures last week to counter the spread of COVID-19, the distress on the health minister's face was telling: this pandemic is the last thing Sudan needs right now. Not…
An empty avenue is seen in Khartoum , Sudan, Tuesday, March 24, 2020 as Sudanese government ordered a nighttime curfew to prevent the spread of the coronavirus.

Human Rights Watch Oral Intervention under Item 10: Interactive Dialogue with the Independent Expert on Sudan

Thank you. Sudan has seen dramatic changes since protests that started mid-December led to the ouster of Sudan’s president for 30 years, Omar al-Bashir, in April. A transitional government took over in August. Prime Minister Abdalla Hamdok and…

Revisions Needed to Ensure Independent, Credible Inquiry

Sudan’s Prime Minister Abdalla Hamdok has announced an investigation into a bloody attack by Sudanese security forces on pro-democracy demonstrators in the capital, Khartoum, on June 3. More than a 100 protesters, bystanders, and…
Sudanese protesters gather outside the house of a man killed by security forces on June 3, during a demonstration against the ruling military council.

Human Rights Watch Oral Intervention under Item 2: General Debate on UN High Commissioner for Human Rights’ Update

Thank you, Mr. President, High Commissioner, Venezuela is facing the most profound human rights crisis at the current time in Latin America. It combines a brutal crackdown on dissent with arbitrary arrests and torture of government opponents,…

Item 2 General Debate

We share the High Commissioner’s concerns at the brutal crackdown by security forces on peaceful democracy protesters in Sudan. The High Commissioner has rightly emphasized the Council’s prevention mandate, but expressed regret that the government has not…

The Rise of the Abusive Rapid Support Forces

Sudanese protesters were hopeful that the ouster of former president Omar al-Bashir would signal a break from 30 years of abuses. They spent over four months protesting in the streets despite violence by government forces that killed…

Authorities Should Respect Protesters’ Rights

On Wednesday, June 19, police in Nairobi teargassed and violently dispersed hundreds of peaceful demonstrators who gathered to call for an end to Sudan’s violent crackdown on protests in the Sudanese capital, Khartoum. More…

AU, UN Should Step Up to Protect Rights

On the heels of Monday’s brutal and bloody crackdown on protesters in Khartoum, the African Union (AU) has suspended Sudan’s membership and threatened its leaders with sanctions for failing to hand over power to a civilian-led…

Nairobi Conference Commits to Greater Efforts to Fight Impunity, Defend Rights

Last week, the International Conference on the Great Lakes Region met in Nairobi, Kenya, to discuss “combating impunity and upholding human rights as key contributors to peace and security.” Representatives from the organization’s 12…
Jean Baptiste Nguondija, a resident of Ngbada, Central African Republic, by the grave of his 10 year-old daughter Nathana Poura. Nguondija has lost 5 children since the conflict began in 2013.