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Following months of protests, Sudan’s president for 30 years, Omar al-Bashir, was ousted in April 2019 and replaced by a transitional military council. Negotiations between the military leaders and opposition groups led in August to the formation of a…
Displaced people living in Ardamata camp in El Geneina, capital of West Darfur, welcoming the start of proceedings in the case against “Janjaweed” militia leader Ali Kosheib at the International Criminal Court. Photos courtesy of Radio Dabanga www.dabangasudan.org. 
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Refugee Crisis and Universal Jurisdiction Cases in Europe

What’s the basis for European courts to try atrocities committed in Syria and Iraq? What is universal jurisdiction? Does universal jurisdiction mean that every country can investigate any grave international crime committed in Syria and Iraq? What…
Syrian Man Carries Children After Barrel Bomb Attack
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Why is Human Rights Watch calling for an arms embargo on Saudi Arabia? Human Rights Watch’s call for suspending all weapons sales to Saudi Arabia comes after a year of documenting numerous unlawful airstrikes by the Saudi-led…
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Questions and Answers

When the International Criminal Court’s member countries gathered in November 2015 for their annual meeting, both Kenya and South Africa raised issues about developments at the ICC over the previous year that affected their countries. Kenya…
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The International Criminal Court (ICC) prosecutor, Fatou Bensouda, on October 13, 2015 requested authorization from the court’s judges to open an investigation into crimes committed during the August 2008 conflict in Georgia…
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Advances in artificial intelligence (AI) and other technologies will soon make possible the development of fully autonomous weapons, which would revolutionize the way wars are fought. These weapons, unlike the current generation of armed drones, would be…
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Regional Court’s Future Hangs in the Balance

The Tribunal for the Southern African Development Community (SADC) was established in 1992 as a sub-regional court, to provide, among other things, a remedy to citizens of the 15 SADC countries when their own countries were unwilling or unable to act on…
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What is this report about? The UN mapping report has been prepared by the Office of the United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights and describes the most serious violations of human rights and international humanitarian law in the Democratic…
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The International Criminal Court arrest warrant for Omar al-Bashir and Sudan's April elections

Omar al-Bashir - Sudan's president and a candidate in elections slated for April 2010 - is a fugitive from justice. The International Criminal Court (ICC) issued a warrant for his arrest on March 4, 2009, for war crimes and crimes against humanity…
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The expulsion of international aid agencies from Darfur and the International Criminal Court arrest warrant for President Omar al-Bashir

On March 4, 2009, the International Criminal Court (ICC) issued an arrest warrant for President Omar al-Bashir of Sudan on charges of war crimes and crimes against humanity. On March 5 the government of Sudan sought to divert attention from al-Bashir's…
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  1. When does the law on occupation apply to the Russian presence in Georgia?  2. Does applying occupation law to Russia affect the status of the territory that Russia occupies?  3. Is Russia an occupying force in buffer zones and in places where it…
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  1. What's going on in South Ossetia?  2. What's the background to the latest round of fighting?  3. Is this an internal or international armed conflict? What law governs it?  4. What is a lawful target under international humanitarian law?  5. What…
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Questions and Answers

On July 14, 2008, the prosecutor of the International Criminal Court (ICC) requested a warrant of arrest for Sudan's President Omar al-Bashir on charges of ten counts of genocide, crimes against humanity, and war crimes. The request for a warrant raises…
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What has happened in Darfur?   Since early 2003, Sudanese government forces and militia called “Janjaweed” have been engaged in an armed conflict with rebel groups called the Sudanese Liberation Army/Movement (SLA/SLM) and the Justice and Equality…
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On February 27, 2007, the prosecutor of the International Criminal Court (ICC) asked the Pre-Trial chamber to issue summonses to appear for two Sudanese accused of war crimes and crimes against humanity in Darfur. This is the first case brought before…
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1. Where do the proceedings in the Milosevic trial stand?   Former Serbian President Slobodan Milosevic was indicted under three separate indictments for crimes committed in Kosovo, Croatia, and Bosnia and Herzegovina. The trial started on…