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Refugee Crisis and Universal Jurisdiction Cases in Europe

What’s the basis for European courts to try atrocities committed in Syria and Iraq? What is universal jurisdiction? Does universal jurisdiction mean that every country can investigate any grave international crime committed in Syria and Iraq? What…
Syrian Man Carries Children After Barrel Bomb Attack
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Questions and Answers

The European Union (EU) is facing unprecedented numbers of refugees and migrants arriving by boat. In 2014, 220,000 people arrived, almost double the combined total of 121,000 from 2011 through 2013. During just the first six…
Un buque de la Armada irlandesa Le Eithne, participa en una operación de rescate como parte del operativo Frontex Tritón, el 6 de junio de 2015
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1. What is Hong Kong’s Occupy Movement? Hong Kong’s Occupy Movement refers to a citizens’ blockade of major roads in Hong Kong’s Admiralty, Mongkok, and Causeway Bay districts since September 29, 2014. At the height of the protests, hundreds of…
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Timeline of Ilham Tohti’s Case Late 2005 Living in Beijing and teaching at Beijing’s Minzu University of China, Ilham Tohti establishes “Uighur Online,” a website published in Chinese and Uighur “to provide Uighurs and Hans with a platform for discussion…
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  2001 2001: Gao Zhisheng named "one of China's top ten lawyers" in an event co-organized by a China Central TV and the Ministry of Justice 2004 December 31, 2004: Gao published his first open “Letter to the National People’s Congress,” appealing to the…
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In several countries across Asia, torture is used on a regular basis. Bringing perpetrators to justice is notoriously hard, especially in nations where the practice is state-sanctioned, HRW's Phil Robertson tells DW. Inflicting pain by using physical…
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Who is Liu Xiaobo and why is he in jail? Why did he win the Nobel Peace Prize? How has the news been received in China? What has happened to Liu Xiaobo's family? How could this affect human rights in China? How is the Chinese government likely…
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1.     What is female genital mutilation (FGM)? The World Health Organization (WHO) defines FGM as "all procedures involving partial or total removal of the external female genitalia or injury to the female genital organs for non-medical…
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As of May 18, 2009, 40 countries have officially reported 8,829 cases of influenza A (H1N1) infection. Sixty-eight deaths have been reported in Mexico, four in the United States, one in Canada and one in Costa Rica from the new flu strain. Fears about…
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A BBC investigation released on April 9 has revealed powerful evidence that the ethnic Albanian Kosovo Liberation Army (KLA), which fought for Kosovo's independence in 1998-1999, maintained a network of detention facilities in Kosovo and Albania, where…
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1. What was the Anfal?    The Anfal (meaning the “the Spoils” in Arabic) was an eight-stage military campaign that resulted in the deliberate murder of at least 50,000 and possibly 100,000 Kurds. During the Anfal, Iraqi forces used chemical weapons on…
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What is the M26 rocket and how does it function?     The M26 is a 227mm unguided artillery rocket delivered by the Multiple Launch Rocket System (MLRS) to a range of thirty-two to thirty-eight kilometers. Once it is over the target area, the rocket…
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Chronology of the case against Zhao Yan, the Chinese assistant at the New York Times Beijing bureau who has been accused of leaking state secrets and of lesser fraud charges. The trial is expected to begin June 8.
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Today, June 4, 2005, 16 years after the bloody crackdown that took place in and around Tiananmen Square, Human Rights Watch calls on China to stop trying to rewrite history. Until China’s leaders are willing to seriously confront the events of 1989, that…
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1. Where do the proceedings in the Milosevic trial stand?   Former Serbian President Slobodan Milosevic was indicted under three separate indictments for crimes committed in Kosovo, Croatia, and Bosnia and Herzegovina. The trial started on…
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(Washington, DC) - Under President Bush's November 13th Military Order on military commissions, any foreign national designated by the President as a suspected terrorist or as aiding terrorists could potentially be detained, tried, convicted and even…
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Human Rights Watch Summary

Role of the indictees: Slobodan Milosevic and the other four indictees planned, instigated, ordered, committed or otherwise aided and abetted the planning, preparation and execution of the campaign undertaken by forces of Yugoslavia and Serbia in Kosovo…
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1. What is Human Rights Watch's position on China getting the 2008 Olympics? We think that the human rights record of a country should be taken into serious consideration by the International Olympic Committee in selecting the site for the 2008…