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Who are Laurent Gbagbo and Charles Blé Goudé, and why are they on trial? Why is this trial important? Isn’t Simone Gbagbo, the former first lady, also wanted by the ICC? What happened in Côte d’Ivoire? Will the…
Laurent Gbagbo at the ICC 2013
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1. Who is Laurent Gbagbo and what are the charges against him? 2. What happened in Côte d’Ivoire? 3. How did the ICC get the authority to investigate in Côte d’Ivoire? 4. Why is the confirmation of charges hearing significant? Is this a trial? 5. Hasn’t…
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1. Who is Ratko Mladic? 2. What is Mladic accused of? 3. Why is the Mladic case significant? 4. Why did his arrest take so long? And why did it happen now? 5. What happens following Mladic's transfer to the Yugoslav Tribunal in The Hague? 6. Is…
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Strengthening the Security Council’s Response to Sexual Violence and Attacks on Education in Armed Conflict

For a full decade, the UN Security Council has addressed the severe abuses that children experience in armed conflict. Its response has included a series of six resolutions (1261, 1314, 1379, 1460, 1539, and 1612), the creation of a specialized working…
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1. Where do the proceedings in the Milosevic trial stand?   Former Serbian President Slobodan Milosevic was indicted under three separate indictments for crimes committed in Kosovo, Croatia, and Bosnia and Herzegovina. The trial started on…
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Balkans Justice Bulletin

Introduction The trial of Bosnian Croat Dominik Ilijasevic-Como, age 38, before the Zenica Cantonal Court, began on December 16, 2002 in Zenica, in Federation Bosnia and Herzegovina (Federation BH).2 The seven charges on the indictment arise from war-…
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A Briefing Paper to the U.N. Security Council

Liberia: Upsurge in Fighting and Humanitarian CrisisCôte d'Ivoire: On the PrecipiceGuineaSierra Leone    The Sierra Leone Special CourtProtection of Refugees, Internally Displaced Persons and ECOWAS NationalsChild SoldiersUse of Proxy Forces and Support…
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Balkans Justice Bulletin

Human Rights Watch's Balkans Justice Bulletins are periodic assessments of the efforts of local and national authorities in Croatia, Bosnia and Herzegovina, and Serbia and Montenegro (including Kosovo) to hold accountable those responsible for war crimes…
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Background The village of Racak, about half a kilometer from the town of Stimlje, had a pre-conflict population of approximately 2,000 people. During the large-scale government offensive in August 1998, the Serbian police shelled Racak, and several…