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Summary Over the past two decades, Afghanistan has depended on international donor support to fund essential services like health care. But this donor support has been falling for years and will likely to continue do so—perhaps precipitously—following…
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  Summary On February 29, 2020, the United States and the Taliban signed an agreement outlining a phased withdrawal of US forces from Afghanistan in exchange for Taliban commitments not to allow attacks on the US or its allies from Afghan territory.…
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Summary The schools do not want girls [with disabilities] to go to the classes. Usually they argue that they are not normal people so they cannot sit in the classrooms and learn like other students. –Disability rights activist, Kabul, April 2018 Some…
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Summary Through much of 2019, the United States government and Taliban insurgents were engaged in negotiations toward an agreement that could lead to the eventual withdrawal of US forces in Afghanistan. Those negotiations officially halted, at least…
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Summary There is no safe place in Kabul—you don’t know where the next attack will be. –Mohammad A., shopkeeper who survived an insurgent attack in Kabul, November 13, 2017 Since early 2016, insurgent groups in Afghanistan have sharply escalated their…
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 Summary
 
 Every day I fear for my safety living in this country because of my sexual orientation. I am alive but if anyone ever find out and wanted to find out, they can kill me …I am an easy target for anything.
 —Peter, Dominica,…
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 Summary
 
 Sixteen years after the US-led military intervention that ousted the Taliban government, an estimated two-thirds of Afghan girls do not go to school. And as security in the country has worsened, the progress that had been made…
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Summary  “No matter who you are, your heart will turn black with so much abuse.” -Afghan refugee, 25, returning to Afghanistan, November 2016 For most of the past 40 years, Pakistan has hosted well over a million Afghans, among the largest refugee…
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 Since the US-led military intervention in Afghanistan in 2001, foreign donors have invested heavily in education, building schools, supporting teacher training, and providing textbooks and other materials to schools across…
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Summary Yes, [the child workers] complain of pain, but what can they do? The kids are here to make a living. They bear all the pain to do all the work. –Sher Khan, brick kiln manager, Kabul, September 2015 At least a quarter of Afghan children…
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 The police did not used to beat us much before December 16, 2014 [when the Taliban attacked a Pakistani school]. Now they [beat] us for no reason. I am afraid that one day when I won’t have bribe money, they will kill me. None…
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 Introduction
 
 Unprecedented numbers of people are taking dangerous journeys across the Mediterranean to reach countries of the European Union. Migrants and asylum seekers have been crossing the Mediterranean for decades. The numbers have…
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 Summary
 
 I went on the roof of the house and saw we were surrounded by armed men.... My father was sitting there and said: ‘Say your whole kalima [the Muslim profession of faith], because I think today we shall all die.’
 
 —…
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 “Stop Reporting or We’ll Kill Your Family”
 
 Threats to Media Freedom in Afghanistan
 
 Summary
 
 Key Recommendations
 
 To the Afghan Government
 
 To the United States, the European…
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 Unwelcome Guests
 Iran’s Violation of Afghan Refugee and Migrant

 Rights
 Map
 Glossary/Abbreviations
 Summary
 Key

 Recommendations
 Methodology
 I.

…
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 Summary
 
 Arif B. was just 15 years old in early 2011 when he left

 Afghanistan to travel to Indonesia by himself.He borrowed US$7,000

 to pay smugglers to bring him to…
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 Summary
 
 With the rapid development and proliferation of robotic

 weapons, machines are starting to take the place of humans on the battlefield.

 Some military and robotics experts have…
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 “Will I Get My Dues … Before I Die?”
 Harm to Women from Bangladesh’s Discriminatory Laws
 on Marriage, Separation, and Divorce 
 
 Glossary
 Summary
 Discriminatory
 Personal Laws…
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 Map of Afghanistan
 
 
 Click to expand Image…
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Glossary ABP     Afghan Border Police ALP     Afghan Local Police AMF     Afghan Militia Force           ANA     Afghan National Army ANAP      Afghan National Auxiliary Police    ANCOP     Afghan National Civil Order Police ANP     Afghan National…