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Summary This report presents the types of cluster munitions being used in the international armed conflict in Ukraine in 2022 and the civilian casualties immediately suffered and civilian objects damaged. Since Russia’s invasion of Ukraine on…
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Russia, Ukraine Should Join International Ban Treaty

Russian armed forces have used at least six types of cluster munitions in attacks in Ukraine, and Ukrainian forces also appear to have used them at least once. Cluster munitions spread multiple explosive submunitions or bomblets over a wide area…
202205arms_ukraine_clustermunition
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Illegal Mining, Horrific Abuses, Environmental Impact

On May 2, Human Rights Watch will join experts on illegal gold mining in Venezuela for a virtual discussion on the grave human and environmental rights impact that illegal mining has in the country. At the event, open to the public, people will…
Men look for diamonds and gold in a recently dug mine
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Provide Aid, Expand Social Protection to Prevent Hunger

(Nairobi) – Russia’s invasion of Ukraine has worsened the food security crisis in many African countries, Human Rights Watch said today. Many countries in East, West, Middle, and Southern Africa rely on Russia and Ukraine for a significant percentage…
Food Insecurity in Africa
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New Law Includes Obligation to Address Abuses in Battery Supply Chains

(Brussels) – The European Union’s proposed batteries regulation should require importers and manufacturers to source the bauxite, copper, and iron used in batteries responsibly, a coalition of 16 organizations said today. The coalition includes…
Man Washing Clothes Near Bauxite Mining
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Increase Support for Clearance, Recovery Assistance around Tripoli

(Beirut) – At least 130 people, mostly civilians, have been killed by landmines and abandoned or unexploded ordnance in Libya since the armed group called the Libyan Arab Armed Forces (LAAF) withdrew from Tripoli’s southern suburbs in June 2020, Human…
National Safety Authority members clear landmines and improvised explosive devices used during the armed conflict in Tripoli, Libya, June 3, 2020.
News

Use of Lethal Force Results in at Least 1 Dead, More Than a Dozen Wounded

(New York) – The Sri Lankan authorities should promptly and impartially investigate the apparent use of excessive force by police, who fired on protesters demonstrating against rising fuel prices in Rambukkana, a town near Kandy in central Sri Lanka…
Sri Lanka Protesters
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Video Highlights Impact on New York City Residents

(New York) –The United States federal government’s cuts to public housing funding have jeopardized the living conditions of up to 2 million low-income people throughout the country, Human Rights Watch said today, releasing a video about the situation…
Work permits displayed in front of an apartment complex
News

Killings Apparently Unlawful, Any Future Peace Talks Should Prioritize Justice

(Sanaa) – The Saudi and UAE-led coalition carried out three attacks in Yemen in late January 2022 in apparent violation of the laws of war that resulted in at least 80 apparently civilian deaths, including three children, and 156 injuries, including…
Rescue members remove rubble covering victims of aerial attacks carried out by the Saudi and UAE-led coalition.
News

Spring Meetings Opportunity to Reset Approach for Universal Social Protection

(Washington, DC) – Targeted social protection programs intended to cushion people from the economic impacts of the Covid-19 pandemic have only had limited success in protecting human rights, Human Rights Watch said today. The World Bank and…
A woman and her child receive relief goods distributed by a community service center in Kathmandu, Nepal on June 4, 2021.
News

Congress Should Address Exorbitant Prices Many Pay for Essential Medicine

(Washington, DC) – The US government’s failure to ensure equal and affordable access to insulin violates the right to health for people with diabetes and regularly leads to tragic consequences for many of them, Human Rights Watch said in a report…
A person holding a vial of insulin
News

Landmines Threaten Civilian Lives, Prolong Recovery

(Berlin, March 29, 2022) – Russian forces fighting in Ukraine have used banned antipersonnel mines in the eastern Kharkiv region, Human Rights Watch said today.  The antipersonnel mines were located by Ukrainian explosive ordnance disposal…
POM-3 antipersonnel mines that failed to deploy and remnants of its delivery canister found by deminers in the Kharkiv region of Ukraine on or around March 28.
News

Cluster Munitions Used, Vacuum Bombs Spotted in Ukraine

As the war in Ukraine continues, Human Rights Watch has been busy investigating what’s happening on the ground – including scrutinizing the weapons being used in the conflict. Under the laws of war, parties to the conflict must do everything feasible to…
An apartment building explodes
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Residents Describe Harsh Conditions During Russian Attack

Thirty-two civilians who managed to escape southeastern Ukraine’s besieged city of Mariupol last week told Human Rights Watch how they struggled to survive in below-freezing temperatures as Russian forces relentlessly attacked the city. They described…
A woman and her family try to get a signal over medium wave radio
News

Explosive Weapons Leave People Dead, Wounded, Homeless; Damage Vital Infrastructure

(Lviv) – More than 450 civilians were reportedly killed or injured in the first 11 days of the war, in Kharkiv, Ukraine’s second largest city, as a result of Russian airstrikes and artillery shelling of populated areas, Human Rights Watch said today.…
A local resident looks at his house destroyed in a Russian air raid in Kharkiv, Ukraine, March 3, 2022.
News

Civilians Killed, Injured in Multiple Attacks That May Amount to War Crimes

(Berlin) – Russian forces repeatedly fired cluster munition rockets into the densely populated city of Mykolaiv, in southern Ukraine, during separate attacks on March 7, 11, and 13, 2022, Human Rights Watch said today. An attack on March 13…
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