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Seeking justice for the ongoing grave human rights abuses in Syria has proven largely elusive. Now the shield of impunity is beginning to crack.
 Several countries, including Sweden, Germany, and France are in the process of investigating some…
Syrian Man Carries Children After Barrel Bomb Attack
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Refugee Crisis and Universal Jurisdiction Cases in Europe

What’s the basis for European courts to try atrocities committed in Syria and Iraq? What is universal jurisdiction? Does universal jurisdiction mean that every country can investigate any grave international crime committed in Syria and Iraq? What…
Syrian Man Carries Children After Barrel Bomb Attack
News
H.E. Minister of Foreign Affairs Mohamed Kamel Amr Ministry of Foreign Affairs Cornish El-Nil Cairo, Egypt   Dear Foreign Minister: We write to request that your government support an initiative led by Switzerland calling on the United Nations (UN)…
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Corruption and human rights abuses continue to plague Egypt despite the conviction of Hosni Mubarak

The June 2 verdicts in the trial of Hosni Mubarak, the former president of Egypt, and senior Interior Ministry aides constitutes a mixed and highly flawed message. Mubarak's conviction in connection with the killing of pro-democracy protesters, along with…
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This trial alone won't fulfil Egypt's need to account for Mubarak's rule, but whatever the verdict it sends a strong message Whatever the verdict, expected on Saturday, in the trial of Hosni Mubarak, the former president of Egypt, it should send a strong…
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1. What are the charges against Mubarak? 2. What is the significance of the trial? 3. Why are Mubarak and other high-ranking former government members being tried in ordinary civilian courts while political activists are being tried in military courts? 4…
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A year after the revolution started, human rights abuses continue under the ruling military council.

As Egypt marks the first anniversary of the Jan. 25 civilian revolt that eventually toppled the 30-year rule of Hosni Mubarak, there's no agreement – on how to celebrate or even whether rejoicing is in order. The current military rulers – the Supreme…
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Immediately Free Emergency Law Detainees, Transfer Cases to Regular Courts

(New York) – The Egyptian military’s announcement on January 24, 2012, that it will lift the state of emergency except in cases of “thuggery” is an invitation to continued abuse, Alkarama and Human Rights Watch said today. The two rights groups said that…
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Violence, Delays in Transfer of Power Fuels Protesters’ Rage

(New York) – Egypt’s military rulers should immediately order riot police to stop using excessive force against protesters and to reduce their presence in the areas surrounding Tahrir Square to a level that allows for the maintenance of security while…
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As heartening as Tunisia's successful election was for post-revolutionary democratic transition in the Arab world, the distressing signals from Egypt indicate it has veered off course from the freedom and democracy goals of Tahrir Square. The country's…
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Proposal Violates International Standards

(New York, October 26, 2011) – Cabinet proposals to amend and implement Egypt’s 1952 “Law on Political Treachery” have negative implications for the country’s political freedoms and upcoming election, Human Rights Watch said today. In a televised…
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Civilians Tried Since February Exceed Total Under Mubarak

(New York) – Since it took over patrolling the streets from the police on January 28, 2011, Egypt’s military has arrested almost 12,000 civilians and brought them before military tribunals, Human Rights Watch said today. This is more than the total number…
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High-Level Paris Meeting Will Plan for Post-Conflict Support

(Paris) – Protection of civilians, accountability for grave human rights violations during Muammar Gaddafi’s 42-year rule, and building the foundation of a rights-respecting Libyan state should be prominently on the agenda of the Libya Contact Group on…
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Mubarak and Adly Face Charges for the Deaths of Pro-democracy Demonstrators

(Cairo) – The trial of former Egyptian President Hosni Mubarak, former interior Minister Habib al-Adly, and Adly’s six most senior security chiefs beginson August 3, 2011, in a specially designated courtroom in Cairo’s Police Academy. Mubarak and Adly…
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Investigate Violent Response by Central Security Forces; Create Code of Conduct

(Cairo) - The clashes in Cairo on June 28 and 29, 2011, between police and protesters in which more than 1,000 people were injured highlight the urgent need to reform security forces, Human Rights Watch said today. The government should promptly formulate…
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Meaningful Cooperation With the International Criminal Court Should Follow

(New York) - Egypt's announcement that it plans to ratify the Rome Statute and become a party to the International Criminal Court (ICC) sends an important message to Egyptians about the direction the country intends to take, Human Rights Watch said today…
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One of the biggest questions Egypt faces, if it is to embark on a meaningful process of democratic transition, is who will oversee the required legislative, constitutional, and institutional reforms. In other words, how is it possible to create a…