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Lack of Transparency in Appointments Undermine Effectiveness, Public Confidence

(New York) – The Nepal government should immediately withdraw an ordinance that undermines the independence of constitutional human rights bodies and rescind recent appointments that were made without consultation or parliamentary approval, Human…
Prime Minister of Nepal KP Sharma Oli, January 10, 2021. 

Rebuke of International Criminal Court Jurisdiction is Alarming

The International Criminal Court (ICC) last week handed down a historic ruling  confirming that the court’s prosecutor has the power to investigate war crimes and crimes against humanity  in Palestine. After half a century of impunity since…
The International Criminal Court, or ICC, is seen in The Hague, Netherlands, November 7, 2019. 

Report Reveals Weak Protections, a Wake-Up Call for Development Partners

(New York) – The government of Nepal should act without delay to carry out the National Human Rights Commission’s recommendations, particularly those concerning Nepal’s obligation to investigate and, where justified by the evidence, prosecute those…
Nepal's Prime Minister Khadga Prasad Oli, left, shakes hand with former Maoist leader Pushpa Kamal Dahal, February 15, 2018. In May 2018, Oli and Dahal parties merged their parties to form the current ruling party, the Communist Party of Nepal.

Human Rights Review Should Address Broken Commitments, Impunity

(Geneva) – Nepal has failed to live up to its commitments on transitional justice, or to carry out the recommendations from the last United Nations review of its human rights record, Human Rights Watch said in a submission to the UN Human Rights…

Impunity for Rampant Attacks on Dalits

(New York) – Two recent incidents in which six people were killed show the Nepali government has systematically failed to confront entrenched caste – or descent – based discrimination against Dalits, Human Rights Watch said today. The government…
Nepalese activists of the Dalit community, also known as the untouchables, shout slogans during a protest near the Nepalese Constituent Assembly Hall in Kathmandu, Nepal, Wednesday, Aug. 5, 2015.  © 2015 AP Photo/Niranjan Shrestha

ABC Investigation Exposes Alleged 2012 War Crimes in Afghanistan

(Sydney) – Australia’s Defence Department should reexamine previously dismissed cases of alleged summary executions and other war crimes in Afghanistan in light of new evidence, Human Rights Watch said today in a letter to Defence…
Australian SAS search operation in Uruzgan province, Afghanistan, in May 2012. Screenshot from ABC News, Four Corners, March 16, 2020.

Targeting Violators Abroad Promotes Accountability

(Sydney) – The Australian government should introduce a new law to allow targeted sanctions against serious human rights violators abroad, Human Rights Watch said today in a submission to parliament’s human rights subcommittee. The proposed law…
 In this Feb. 13, 2019, file photo Australian Prime Minister Scott Morrison addresses media at Parliament House in Canberra.

Victim Concerns Ignored Yet Again

(Geneva) – Recent steps taken by the government are a serious setback on Nepal’s transitional justice process, the International Commission of Jurists (ICJ), Amnesty International, Human Rights Watch, and TRIAL International said today. …
In this photograph taken on February 2, 2017, Nepalese war victim Pabitra Sunakhari shows a photograph of her son as she speaks during an interview with AFP in Birendranagar, Surkhet District, some 520kms west of Kathmandu

Government Should Pursue Full Investigations, Fair Trials

The Australian government is taking an important step by helping eight Australian children of suspects of the Islamic State (also known as ISIS) return home from northeast Syria. The children were held for months without charge under horrific…
Rusafa Central Criminal Court in Baghdad.

Fix Commissions’ Mandate Before Naming Members

(New York) – Nepali authorities should ensure that they comply with Supreme Court rulings and international standards before appointing new transitional justice commissioners to address conflict-related violations during the 1996-2006…
Activists hold an event in memory of people who were disappeared during Nepal’s decade-long civil war, Kathmandu, August 30, 2017.

Will Deter Abuses, Promote Accountability

(Sydney) – The Australian government should require human rights vetting for all foreign military personnel who receive Australian training, Human Rights Watch said today in a letter to Defence Minister Christopher Pyne. The government should adopt…
The Philippine Navy band welcomes the Royal Australian Navy (RAN) vessel Her Majesty's Australian Ship (HMAS) Adelaide (III) upon arrival for a goodwill visit as part of the Australian Defence Force (ADF) Joint Task Group, Indo-Pacific Endeavour 2017, at

If Nepal Can’t Prosecute War Crimes at Home, Other Countries May Step In

It has been 12 years since the Maoist conflict ended in Nepal. Thousands became victims of enforced disappearances, torture, sexual violence and unlawful killings between 1996 and 2006. And yet there has been no justice in the form of…
Activists hold an event in memory of people who were disappeared during Nepal’s decade-long civil war, Kathmandu, August 30, 2017.

Recommendations in Letter to Attorney General Agni Kharel

(New York) – Nepal should strengthen amendments to the Enforced Disappearances Enquiry, Truth and Reconciliation Commission Act to comply with international standards, Human Rights Watch said in a letter to the attorney general. Human…
Activists hold an event in memory of people who were disappeared during Nepal’s decade-long civil war, Kathmandu, August 30, 2017.

Current Draft Law Does Not Meet International Standards on Prosecuting Worst Crimes

(Geneva) – As the Nepal government begins a process of consultations around proposed amendments to the transitional justice mechanisms, two international organizations have called on authorities to take into account concerns of all stakeholders and…
Newly elected Nepalese Prime Minister Khadga Prasad Sharma Oli, also known as K.P. Oli (L), speaks with the outgoing Prime Minister Sher Bahadur Deuba, after administrating the oath of office at the presidential building "Shital Niwas" in Kathmandu, Nepal

Case Studies of Colombia, United Kingdom, Georgia, Guinea

(The Hague) – The prosecutor’s office at the International Criminal Court (ICC) has important leverage to encourage countries to investigate and prosecute grave international crimes, Human Rights Watch said in a report released today.…
Relatives hold pictures of their beloved during a March 6, 2009 march in Bogota against the “false positive” killings and enforced disappearances.

Nonpartisan Groups Should Not Be Registered as ‘Political Campaigners’

(Sydney) – A proposed Australian law will limit social activist organizations from using foreign funding for advocacy purposes, Human Rights Watch said today in a submission to Australia’s Joint Standing Committee on Electoral Matters. A…
Australia's Prime Minister Malcolm Turnbull attends the APEC Economic Leaders' Meeting in Danang, Vietnam on November 11, 2017.

Term Extensions Do Not Cure Act’s Fundamental Problems

(New York) – The one-year extensions of Nepal’s two transitional justice mechanisms without necessary legal and institutional reforms ordered by the Supreme Court and the United Nations are insufficient to comply with international…
Protesters call for justice for atrocities committed during Nepal's civil war at a sit-in in Kathmandu on June 6, 2011.

Victims Await Answers, Redress

(New York) – Authorities in Nepal should immediately make public the December 14, 2017 report of a special commission on the Terai violence in 2015, Human Rights Watch said today. The High-Level Inquiry Commission was established in 2016 to…