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Respond to Youth Demands, Gain Respect in the World

(Beirut) – Middle East and North Africa (MENA) governments can respond to the popular demands of the region’s youth for reform by implementing five changes in 2018 to arbitrary, outdated legal systems that infringe upon citizens’ rights and liberties,…
Demonstration outside Parliament on December 6, 2016, with women in white dresses and wrapped in bandages, calling for the repeal of article 522 of the penal code.
News

Attacks, Threats, and Harassment

(Beirut) – Human rights defenders, activists, and social media bloggers have been physically attacked, detained, threatened, harassed, and disappeared by armed groups, some of whom are affiliated with the state authorities, in Tripoli and…
Demonstrators gather to protest against the presence of militias in the Libyan capital in Tripoli's Martyrs' Square on March 17, 2017.
Report
Summary The final stage of the [2011] revolution was in Sirte. We were filled with hope. Then step by step, Daesh took over. Now we feel we are cursed. -“Ali,” resident who fled ISIS in Sirte In…
News
“Urban areas have become death traps for thousands of civilians,” says a new report issued by the United Nations Secretary-General ahead of the first World Humanitarian Summit, which opens May 23, 2016, in Istanbul. The report describes the widespread use…
Report
Summary Sudan has a long record of stifling dissent by targeting activists for specific abuses, such as beatings, arbitrary arrests, unlawful detentions, ill-treatment in detention, interrogation for long hours, and intrusive government…
News

Seize Diplomatic Opening to Strengthen International Law

(Washington, DC) – Countries should take concrete steps to strengthen international law governing incendiary weapons, Human Rights Watch said in a report released today, ahead of a diplomatic meeting devoted to incendiary and other weapons that will be…
News

Memorandum to Convention on Conventional Weapons Delegates

Incendiary weapons rank among the cruelest means of armed conflict. The fire and heat they produce cause excruciatingly painful burns that are difficult to treat and can lead to long-term psychological harm and severe disfigurement. They also start fires…
News
Sofiane Chourabi, a Tunisian journalist emblematic of Tunisia’s struggle for free speech and media independence, and his cameraman, Nadhir Ktari, have been missing since an unidentified group reportedly seized them in Libya last September. On…
Report
War on the Media Journalists under Attack in Libya Summary Methodology I. Background: Libya’s Media Landscape II. Attack on the Media since 2011 Killings and…
News

Imprisonment, Withdrawal of Civil Rights, Ban on Practicing Journalism

(Beirut) – A Libyan criminal court’s imposition of a five-year prison term on Al-Ummah newspaper editor Amara al-Khatabi for allegedly defaming public officials is a serious blow to free speech that should not be allowed to stand. The court convicted al-…
News

HRC 27 -- Statement Delivered Under Item 10

One year ago, as the Human Rights Council was debating the report of the Independent Expert on Sudan, Sudanese security forces were violently cracking down on popular protests that swept the country after the president announced the lifting of oil…
News

Rightly Charged in Federal Court, Not Guantanamo Military Commissions

(Washington, DC) – The United States government should ensure that Ahmed Abu Khatallah, apprehended for his alleged role in the September 11, 2012 attack on the US consulate in Benghazi, Libya, is brought promptly before a judge and provided access to a…
News

Impunity Risks Silencing Media

(Tripoli) – Libya’s General Prosecutor should immediately order an impartial and comprehensive investigation into the killing of a prominent editor-in-chief and hold those responsible to account. Miftah Bouzeid, editor in chief of Burniq newspaper, was…
News

Facing Death Penalty or Prison for ‘Insults’

Update: On March 2, 2014, the Libyan Criminal Court acquitted Fathi Sager and Ali Tekbali. (Tripoli) – Libyan judicial authorities should immediately drop all criminal charges against two Libyan politicians accused of “insulting religion” and “instigating…
News

HRC 24th Session: Statement Delivered Under Item 10

Delegates should not fail the people of Sudan by accepting as progress small steps, plans and promises by the Government of Sudan, while it engages in abusive practices of indiscriminate aerial bombing and other unlawful killings and restricting basic…
News

Investigate Killings, Clamp Down on Unlawful Militias

(Tripoli) – Libyan authorities should promptly and thoroughly investigate the violent clashes in Benghazi on June 8, 2013, that left 32 people dead. The authorities should also hold those who violated the law accountable. Witnesses described to Human…
News

Newspapers, Other Media Censored, Confiscated, Shut Down

(Nairobi) – Sudan should immediately stop censoring newspapers and end all forms of repression of media and journalists, on World Press Freedom Day. In recent weeks, authorities have stepped up censorship of print media. Authorities at the National…
News

Drop Criminal Defamation Charges, Lift Restrictions on Free Expression

UPDATE: On August 21, 2013, authorities returned Amara al-Khatabi’s passport following a court order, allowing him to travel outside of Libya for health reasons. Al-Khatabi’s lawyer told Human Rights Watch that the charges of insulting the judiciary filed…
News

Thousands Held Without Charge

(New York) – Libya’s new government, sworn in on November 14, 2012, should put the illegal detention of more than 8,000 people atop its agenda. About 4,000 detainees are in government custody, most without formal charges or access to a lawyer, and the…
News
(Washington) – The United States government during the Bush administration tortured opponents of Muammar Gaddafi, then transferred them to mistreatment in Libya, according to accounts by former detainees and recently uncovered CIA and UK Secret Service…