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RE: Challenges to Implementation of GCM Objectives #4, 10, 13, 15, 17, 21 in Cameroon, Mauritania, Nigeria, Senegal, South Africa, and Tanzania, December 2018 – June 2021

Contents: I. Introduction II. Human trafficking (Nigeria, Senegal) III. Migrant detention (Mauritania, South Africa) IV. Migrant returns (Cameroon, Mauritania, Tanzania) V. Discrimination, xenophobia, access to services and documentation (South…
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Drop Baseless Charges; Investigate Intelligence Service

(Nairobi) – Burundian authorities should drop baseless charges and release eight former Burundian refugees who were forcibly returned from Tanzania in August 2020. On February 26, 2021, the Muha High Court in Bujumbura ruled against their provisional…
Sign outside the Muha High Court in Bujumbura, Burundi.
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Évariste Ndayishimiye’s first foreign visit as the president of Burundi was nothing if not symbolic. He chose Kigoma, a town in northwestern Tanzania near which about 154,000 Burundian nationals continue to seek protection from the previous…
Nduta camp in Tanzania currently houses 70,109 Burundian refugees and asylum seekers.
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Halt Forced Returns; Investigate Police, Intelligence Services

(Nairobi) – Tanzanian authorities have gravely abused at least 18 Burundian refugees and asylum seekers since late 2019. The whereabouts of several who were forcibly disappeared remain unknown, and additional Burundians may have suffered similar abuse.…
Burundian President Évariste Ndayishimiye (left) and Tanzanian President John Magufuli meet in Kigoma, in northwestern Tanzania, on September 19, 2020. It was Ndayishimiye’s first foreign visit since his election in May 2020.
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Mounting Intimidation for 163,000 Burundian Refugees and Asylum Seekers

(Nairobi) – The fear of violence, arrest, and deportation is driving many of the 163,000 Burundian refugees and asylum seekers in Tanzania out of the country. Tanzanian authorities have also made it very difficult for the United Nations…
Nduta camp in Tanzania currently hosts 72,886 Burundian refugees and asylum seekers and UNHCR’s departure center, where Burundians depart from when they are repatriated to Burundi.
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Hundreds of Burundians in Camp Targeted

(Nairobi) – Tanzanian authorities unlawfully coerced more than 200 unregistered asylum seekers into returning to Burundi on October 15, 2019 by threatening to withhold their legal status in Tanzania, Human Rights Watch said today. The…
A Tanzanian policeman watches over as Burundian refugees gather on the shores of Lake Tanganyika in Kagunga village in Kigoma region in western Tanzania, where they wait for transport to Kigoma township, May 17, 2015.
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Ensure Repatriations Are Voluntary

(Nairobi) – Tanzania should protect Burundian refugees fleeing widespread abuses instead of requiring them to return to Burundi against their will. Tanzanian authorities have announced a plan to send all 183,000 Burundian…
A Tanzanian policeman watches over as Burundian refugees gather on the shores of Lake Tanganyika in Kagunga village in Kigoma region in western Tanzania, where they wait for transport to Kigoma township, May 17, 2015.
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Senegal Shows Leadership, Compassion in Accepting Libyan Detainees

(New York) – The United States government’s release of two Libyan detainees from the Guantanamo Bay detention facility to Senegal on April 4, 2016, shows meaningful progress on closing the prison, Human…
Camp delta
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Prevent Children From Being Taken Across Borders to Face Abuse, Exploitation

(Dakar) - Guinea-Bissau's National Assembly should act quickly to pass a law criminalizing human trafficking, Human Rights Watch, SOS Talibé Children, and the Association of the Friends of Children said today. The draft law, which the Assembly recently…
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Uganda Forces More Than 1,700 Back to Rwanda

(New York) - Uganda should immediately halt the forced repatriation of Rwandan refugees and asylum seekers from two camps on its southwestern border with Rwanda, Human Rights Watch said today. "Mass forcible return of refugees and asylum seekers…
Report
“Off the Backs of the Children” Forced Begging and Other Abuses against Talibés in Senegal Map of Senegal and Guinea-Bissau Summary Recommendations To the Government of Senegal To the Government…
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Government Should Hold Teachers Accountable and Regulate Schools

(Dakar) - Tens of thousands of children at residential Quranic schools in Senegal are subjected to slavery-like conditions and severely abused, Human Rights Watch said in a report released today. Human Rights Watch urged the Senegalese authorities to…
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Forced Return after Rwandan Pressure Violates National and International Refugee Law

(Bujumbura) - Burundi's government should immediately reverse a new policy of deporting Rwandan asylum seekers without considering their cases, Human Rights Watch said today. On November 27, 2009, Interior Minister Edouard Nduwimana ordered police to…
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Government Should Cease Expulsions of Rwandans Seeking Refugee Status

(Bujumbura) - The Government of Burundi should immediately evaluate the claims of up to 400 Rwandan asylum seekers and stop all efforts to coerce them to leave the country, Human Rights Watch said today. Human Rights Watch also called on Rwandan…
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Governments and UN Refugee Agency Should Urgently Clarify Refugees’ Options Before Camps Close

(New York) - The Tanzanian and Ugandan governments should ensure that refugees living in camps due to close on June 30 and July 31, 2009 are not forcibly returned to their home countries and are immediately given full information about their options,…
Report
Returns at Any Cost Spain's Push to Repatriate Unaccompanied Children in the Absence of Safeguards Introduction Spain's Push for Repatriations Bilateral Readmission Agreements Lack Safeguards and Transparency Spanish Funded Care Centers…
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Halt Repatriations and Provide Lawyers and Other Safeguards

(Brussels) - Spain's accelerating effort to send back unaccompanied children who enter the country illegally might subject them to danger, ill-treatment and detention, Human Rights Watch said in a report released today. The government needs to halt…