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Since 1998, Human Rights Watch researchers extensively documented serious human rights violations committed by all warring factions in Sierra Leone, and pressed for the perpetrators of the crimes to be held accountable. Human Rights Watch maintained a…
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The conflicts in Sierra Leone and Liberia were characterized by extensive use of child soldiers. Until a few years ago it was almost unheard of for an individual commander to face penalties for using child soldiers. Today, recruiting or using children…
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The 14-year armed conflict in Liberia was characterized by serious crimes in violation of international law. Since the end of the conflict in 2003, Liberia has made tangible progress in addressing endemic corruption by creating the legislative framework…
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The devastating eleven-year armed conflict in Sierra Leone was characterized by extreme brutality and widespread human rights abuses against civilians. The majority of the crimes were perpetrated by rebels from the Armed Forces Revolutionary Council (AFRC…
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Following the end of the conflict in Sierra Leone in 2002, the domestic justice system lacked the capacity to hold perpetrators of crimes accountable. Prompted by a request from Sierra Leone President Ahmad Tejan Kabbah to the United Nations, the Special…
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The Taylor trial and judgment reflect a major departure from the impunity that heads of state have traditionally enjoyed when they are implicated in the gravest crimes. It also builds on the precedent set by the trial of former Serbian president Slobodan…
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This fact sheet describes the use of MAT-120 cluster munitions by Libyan government forces during the current armed conflict in Libya between forces under Libyan leader Muammar Gaddafi and opposition rebels. This is the first documented use of this type…
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Myths and Realities

Discussions on cluster munitions have been ongoing in some form or another in the forum of the 1980 Convention on Conventional Weapons (CCW) for more than a decade. Since 2007 a Group of Government Experts (GGE) has been meeting regularly to negotiate a…
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Human Rights Watch has updated its Cluster Munition Information Chart. The chart shows which states have stockpiled, produced, used, and been affected by cluster munitions, and indicates which states have signed and ratified the 2008 Convention on Cluster…
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Human Rights Watch has updated its Cluster Munition Information Chart. The chart shows which states have stockpiled, produced, used, and been affected by cluster munitions and which states have signed and ratified the 2008 Convention on Cluster Munitions…
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Human Rights Watch has updated its informational chart providing a timeline of cluster munition use. The chart outlines known details on the dates and locations of instances in which cluster munitions were used, as well as including available data on the…
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Landmine and Cluster Munition Monitor Fact Sheet

This Landmine and Cluster Munition Monitor fact sheet outlines which African states have signed and ratified the treaty banning cluster munitions, as well as which states have used, produced, stockpiled, and been affected by the weapon.
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The two policemen hustled Joshua roughly into their patrol car. At the station in Tegucigalpa, Joshua and others endured beatings from officers armed with batons. “They also tried to push us down the stairs,” Joshua said. “They called us culeros (faggots…
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Below is a compilation of important, international jurisprudence rendered from 1986 - 2009 regarding lesbian, gay, bisexual and transgender rights. European Court  | Inter-American System  |  United Nations  |  National Courts European Court 2009…
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As a candidate, Barack Obama signaled his clear intention to break with the Bush administration's abusive counterterrorism policies. Once sworn in as president, Obama immediately issued executive orders that set a course toward reform. Human Rights…