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Issue XV: The impact of COVID19- on women and girls’ education

UN Women, UNICEF and Human Rights Watch jointly issue this fifteenth alert to continue to highlight the gender specific impact of COVID-19 in Afghanistan. This alert focuses on the impact of the COVID-19 pandemic on women and girls’ education and the…
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According to the UN refugee agency, UNHCR, the number of people forcibly displaced at the beginning of 2015 had risen to nearly 60 million--the largest number of refugees, asylum seekers, and internally displaced people since World War II. The…
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12 Key Arguments for a Preemptive Ban on Fully Autonomous Weapons

The development of fully autonomous weapons, also known as “killer robots,” and the proposal to ban them preemptively have sparked impassioned debate at the international and national levels. Experts—including lawyers, ethicists, military specialists,…
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This fact sheet describes the use of MAT-120 cluster munitions by Libyan government forces during the current armed conflict in Libya between forces under Libyan leader Muammar Gaddafi and opposition rebels. This is the first documented use of this type…
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Myths and Realities

Discussions on cluster munitions have been ongoing in some form or another in the forum of the 1980 Convention on Conventional Weapons (CCW) for more than a decade. Since 2007 a Group of Government Experts (GGE) has been meeting regularly to negotiate a…
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Human Rights Watch has updated its Cluster Munition Information Chart. The chart shows which states have stockpiled, produced, used, and been affected by cluster munitions, and indicates which states have signed and ratified the 2008 Convention on Cluster…
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Human Rights Watch has updated its Cluster Munition Information Chart. The chart shows which states have stockpiled, produced, used, and been affected by cluster munitions and which states have signed and ratified the 2008 Convention on Cluster Munitions…
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Human Rights Watch has updated its informational chart providing a timeline of cluster munition use. The chart outlines known details on the dates and locations of instances in which cluster munitions were used, as well as including available data on the…
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Landmine and Cluster Munition Monitor Fact Sheet

This Landmine and Cluster Munition Monitor fact sheet outlines which African states have signed and ratified the treaty banning cluster munitions, as well as which states have used, produced, stockpiled, and been affected by the weapon.
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UPDATE: Human Rights Watch has been looking into the matter of senior military analyst Marc Garlasco’s collection of Second World War memorabilia and an inquiry is under way. Garlasco has been temporarily suspended from his research work with full…
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As a candidate, Barack Obama signaled his clear intention to break with the Bush administration's abusive counterterrorism policies. Once sworn in as president, Obama immediately issued executive orders that set a course toward reform. Human Rights…
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Fallacy 1: Joining the Convention on Cluster Munitions poses a threat to national security, especially if one’s enemies have not joined. Facts: The military utility of cluster munitions is limited in modern warfare. The weapons were designed for Cold War…
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Cluster Munition Coalition Fact Sheet Prepared by Human Rights Watch

In the Middle East-North Africa region, Egypt, Iran, Iraq, and Israel have produced cluster munitions. Egypt and Israel have exported cluster munitions. At least fifteen states in the region have stockpiles of the weapon. Cluster munitions have been used…
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Cluster Munition Coaltion Fact Sheet Prepared by Human Rights Watch

In the Americas and Caribbean, Brazil and the United States are producers of cluster munitions. Argentina and Chile have renounced future production. Brazil, Chile, Cuba, Peru, and the US stockpile cluster munitions. Argentina, Canada, and Honduras have…
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Cluster Munition Coalition Fact Sheet Prepared by Human Rights Watch

A total of seven countries in the Asia-Pacific region are known to produce cluster munitions. Aside from Europe, this is the largest regional concentration of producing countries. Cluster munitions have been used in Afghanistan, Cambodia, Laos, and…
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Cluster Munition Coalition Fact Sheet Prepared by Human Rights Watch

In Africa, nine countries are contaminated to some degree with cluster munition remnants. Nearly one-third of the locations where cluster munitions have been used globally are in Africa, and the majority of this use has occurred in the past 10 to 15 years…
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Cluster Munition Coalition Fact Sheet Prepared by Human Rights Watch

In Eastern Europe, the Caucasus, and Central Asia, a total of 10 states are contaminated to some degree with cluster munition remnants. At least 19 states in the area are known to stockpile cluster munitions. Russia, Bosnia & Herzegovina, Moldova,…