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Civilians Bear the Brunt of Renewed Fighting

Libya began descending into chaos after Muammar Gaddafi was overthrown in 2011. Could you summarize the complex situation in Libya today? The latest conflict started in April 2019, when an armed group in eastern Libya called…
Government of National Accord fighters take positions during clashes with east-based fighters from the Libyan National Army at Al-Yarmouk frontline in Tripoli, Libya on August 29, 2019.
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Domestic Violence Goes Unaddressed in Tajikistan

What is happening in Tajikistan in terms of domestic violence? Reports indicate that at least one out of five, and probably more, women in Tajikistan have been abused by a current or former husband or partner. The number is likely much higher…
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The idea that domestic violence is not a serious criminal offense is hard to grasp. How did this happen? Russia doesn’t have a national domestic violence law. Some acts of domestic violence can be prosecuted under the criminal code as assault,…
In February 2017, parliament decriminalized first instances of battery among family members.
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It is now widely acknowledged that after the 9/11 attacks in the US, the Central Intelligence Agency (CIA) began a global detention and interrogation program through which it tortured and abused prisoners. Yet the US government has failed to hold…
Illustration of the scales of justice replaced by two people shackled by their wrists and dangling in the air.
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Domestic violence occurs everywhere, and in most countries it’s a criminal offense. But in Papua New Guinea - a Pacific nation near Australia experiencing a virtual epidemic of domestic violence - beating your wife often isn’t treated as a crime, although…
woman holding a child
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Kenya’s Lake Turkana is the largest desert lake in the world. Anthropologists consider it the cradle of civilization, where some of the earliest hominid fossils were found. Roughly 300,000 people live around Lake Turkana, and most…
dirt road
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12 Key Arguments for a Preemptive Ban on Fully Autonomous Weapons

The development of fully autonomous weapons, also known as “killer robots,” and the proposal to ban them preemptively have sparked impassioned debate at the international and national levels. Experts—including lawyers, ethicists, military specialists,…
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This fact sheet describes the use of MAT-120 cluster munitions by Libyan government forces during the current armed conflict in Libya between forces under Libyan leader Muammar Gaddafi and opposition rebels. This is the first documented use of this type…
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Myths and Realities

Discussions on cluster munitions have been ongoing in some form or another in the forum of the 1980 Convention on Conventional Weapons (CCW) for more than a decade. Since 2007 a Group of Government Experts (GGE) has been meeting regularly to negotiate a…
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Human Rights Watch has updated its Cluster Munition Information Chart. The chart shows which states have stockpiled, produced, used, and been affected by cluster munitions, and indicates which states have signed and ratified the 2008 Convention on Cluster…
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Human Rights Watch has updated its Cluster Munition Information Chart. The chart shows which states have stockpiled, produced, used, and been affected by cluster munitions and which states have signed and ratified the 2008 Convention on Cluster Munitions…
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Human Rights Watch has updated its informational chart providing a timeline of cluster munition use. The chart outlines known details on the dates and locations of instances in which cluster munitions were used, as well as including available data on the…
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Landmine and Cluster Munition Monitor Fact Sheet

This Landmine and Cluster Munition Monitor fact sheet outlines which African states have signed and ratified the treaty banning cluster munitions, as well as which states have used, produced, stockpiled, and been affected by the weapon.
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UPDATE: Human Rights Watch has been looking into the matter of senior military analyst Marc Garlasco’s collection of Second World War memorabilia and an inquiry is under way. Garlasco has been temporarily suspended from his research work with full…
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As a candidate, Barack Obama signaled his clear intention to break with the Bush administration's abusive counterterrorism policies. Once sworn in as president, Obama immediately issued executive orders that set a course toward reform. Human Rights…
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Fallacy 1: Joining the Convention on Cluster Munitions poses a threat to national security, especially if one’s enemies have not joined. Facts: The military utility of cluster munitions is limited in modern warfare. The weapons were designed for Cold War…
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Fact sheet issued by IHRA, Human Rights Watch and the Open Society Institute

IHRA, Human Rights Watch and the Open Society Institute distributed this fact sheet on why Drug Policy is an issue for the UN Human Rights Council (HRC) to members of the council at its March 2009 session.
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Cluster Munition Coalition Fact Sheet Prepared by Human Rights Watch

In the Middle East-North Africa region, Egypt, Iran, Iraq, and Israel have produced cluster munitions. Egypt and Israel have exported cluster munitions. At least fifteen states in the region have stockpiles of the weapon. Cluster munitions have been used…