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Summary Most antipersonnel landmines possessed by states that joined the Mine Ban Treaty were swiftly destroyed by the time the treaty entered into force on 1 March 1999. In the 20 years since, there has been steady progress to destroy remaining stocks…
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This Technical Briefing Note reviews the types of landmines documented in the Ukraine conflict since early 2014, specifically focusing on mines that can function as antipersonnel mines. There is significant evidence from various locations that…
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The Case of Bani Jarmooz

In November 2013, the government of Yemen admitted that a “violation” of the Mine Ban Treaty had occurred in 2011 during the popular uprising that led to the ouster of then-President Ali Abdullah Saleh. This followed reports issued by Human Rights Watch…
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An Advocacy Brochure

There are an estimated one billion people, or 15 percent of the world’s population, living with a disability, according to the World Health Organization. Despite this, people with disabilities face barriers to inclusion and their needs are often given low…
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An Advocacy Brochure

Over one billion people – 15 percent of the world’s population - live with a disability significant enough to make a difference in their daily lives, and 80 percent of them live in the developing world.   It is often assumed that…
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A Briefing Paper

What is Sterilization? In many parts of the world, women rely on access to a range of methods to control their fertility, including voluntary sterilization. However, too often, sterilization is not a choice. Sterilization is defined as “a process or act…
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This briefing note was first issued by HRW on May 10, 2011. An updated version was issued on June 3, 2011. This briefing note looks at the threat posed to civilians, including deminers, from landmines used or abandoned in the current conflict between…
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Human Rights and HIV in the Southern United States

  I.    Summary II.  Introduction III. Human Rights in the South           Poverty           Lack of Access to Health Care           Failure to Provide Comprehensive Sex and HIV/AIDS Education in Schools           Criminalization of HIV Exposure…
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SummaryBackgroundAnalysis of the Draft Anti-Terrorism Legislation     Defining Terrorism     Infringement of Freedoms of Speech and Expression     Expansion of Police Powers without Due Process Guarantees         Powers of Arrest, Search, and Seizure…
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List of Detainees Published by Human Rights Watch

The following is a list of persons believed to be in U.S. custody as "ghost detainees" -- detainees who are not given any legal rights or access to counsel, and who are likely not reported to or seen by the International Committee of the Red Cross. The…
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Memorandum to Delegates of the Fourth Annual Meeting of States Parties

Actions by certain States Parties during the past year raise serious concerns about the effective implementation of Amended Protocol II to the 1980 Convention on Certain Conventional Weapons (CCW).  Human Rights Watch urges all States Parties to address…
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A Human Rights Watch Backgrounder

As part of the military buildup resulting from the December 13, 2001, attack on the Indian parliament, both India and Pakistan have emplaced large numbers of antipersonnel and antivehicle mines along their common border.
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Since the collapse of the corrupt Fujimori government in November 2000 the human rights situation in Peru has improved significantly. During Fujimori's last term in office (1995-2000), Vladimiro Montesinos, the de facto head of the National Intelligence…
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Since the conclusion of the negotiations for the 1997 Mine Ban Treaty, Human Rights Watch has emphasized that, according to the treaty’s definitions, antivehicle mines (AVM) with antihandling devices (AHD) that explode from an unintentional or innocent…
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Subject: Issues and Questions for the Landmine Policy Review It is our understanding that the U.S. is undertaking a review of current landmine policy and issues, coordinated by the National Security Council with input from the Department of…
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Human Rights Watch Backgrounder

Afghanistan is one of the most heavily mined countries in the world. Landmines pose an ever-present danger to civilians now attempting to flee the country or areas of conflict. If United States forces engage in ground combat in Afghanistan, they will face…