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Denouncing All Use of Cluster Munitions

The 2008 Convention on Cluster Munitions, which categorically bans the use of cluster munitions, seeks to eliminate these weapons and the unacceptable harm they cause. By adopting an unequivocal condemnation of cluster munition use at the convention’s…
Two unexploded Israeli-made M095 submunitions
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Components of Strong Law and Supporting Examples

More than one-quarter of the states parties to the Convention on Cluster Munitions have adopted dedicated national implementation legislation, but much work remains to be done in this area. Article 9 obliges states parties to implement the convention…
An unexploded M77 DPICM submunition found in Dughayj village, northern Yemen, after a cluster munition attack in June or July 2015.
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Human Rights Watch Submission to Parliament

Summary The draft Counter Terrorism Act of 2018 (CTA)[1] represents a significant improvement over previous proposals to replace the Prevention of Terrorism Act (PTA),[2] although several  problematic provisions remain. The bill narrows…
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Components of Strong Law and Supporting Examples, Updated September 2016

Note: This publication was updated in November 2020 to reflect additional legislation. More than one-quarter of the states parties to the Convention on Cluster Munitions have adopted national implementation legislation, but much work remains to be done…
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This Technical Briefing Note reviews the use of cluster munitions in the conflict in Yemen since a Saudi Arabia-led coalition of nations began military operations against Ansar Allah (Houthi forces) on March 26, 2015. This is not the first time cluster…
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Components of Strong Law and Supporting Examples, Updated September 2015

Article 9 of the Convention on Cluster Munitions obliges states parties to implement the convention nationally through all appropriate legal, administrative, and other measures. Legislation is the most powerful form of implementation because it is binding…
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Both the government of Ukraine and Russian-backed separatists have used cluster munitions in eastern Ukraine since mid-2014, causing numerous casualties, damaging infrastructure, and leaving a deadly legacy of unexploded submunitions…
Remnants of Uragan cluster munition rockets collected by rebel fighters after attacks on Starobesheve on February 6 and 7.
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The Syrian government’s extensive use of cluster munitions has caused numerous casualties, damaged infrastructure, and is resulting in a deadly legacy of explosive remnants of war that will pose dangers to civilians for years to come. Human Rights Watch…
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Submitted by Human Rights Watch To the UN Human Rights Committee on the Occasion of its Review of Yemen in March 2012

  This memorandum provides an overview of Human Rights Watch’s main concerns with respect to the human rights situation in the Republic of Yemen, submitted to the United Nations Human Rights Committee (“the Committee”) in advance of its review of Yemen…
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The Threat Posed to International Law by the Draft CCW Protocol on Cluster Munitions

In September 2011, representatives of 131 states met in Beirut for the Second Meeting of States Parties to the 2008 Convention on Cluster Munitions. Strong support for the convention was evident from the large number of participants, including from 40…
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The Need for Strong Interpretations of the Convention on Cluster Munitions

Introduction The Convention on Cluster Munitions, adopted in May 2008, seeks to prevent future civilian harm by establishing absolute prohibitions on a number of activities involving cluster munitions. It bans use of the weapons, which kill and injure…
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Guidelines for Effective National Legislation to Implement the Convention on Cluster Munitions

Introduction The Convention on Cluster Munitions establishes powerful international law to end the high human toll of cluster munitions. The convention's full potential, however, will be best realized by the passage of national implementation…
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A Human Rights Platform for Candidates

On March 7, Iraq's voters will head to the polls nationwide to select all 325 members of parliament. The election will be a key indicator on whether the country is moving toward greater political stability and respect for human rights and away from the…
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SummaryBackgroundAnalysis of the Draft Anti-Terrorism Legislation     Defining Terrorism     Infringement of Freedoms of Speech and Expression     Expansion of Police Powers without Due Process Guarantees         Powers of Arrest, Search, and Seizure…
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Understanding the Prohibition on Assistance in the Convention on Cluster Munitions

  Introduction Article 1(1)(c): The Prohibition on Assistance           Understanding of the Prohibition           Precedent from Mine Ban Treaty Interpretation and Policy Article 21: Relations with States Not Party to the Convention…
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Memorandum to Delegates of the Convention on Conventional Weapons

Introduction The calls for a new international legal instrument to ban or restrict cluster munitions derive in large part from the weapons' significant and foreseeably grave aftereffects on civilians,1 which have been thoroughly documented by…